pemetrexed ditromethamine vial Clinical Studies

(pemetrexed for injection)

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Non-Squamous NSCLC

Initial Treatment in Combination with Cisplatin

The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMDB (NCT00087711), a multi-center, randomized (1:1), open-label study conducted in 1725 chemotherapy-naive patients with Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed with cisplatin or gemcitabine with cisplatin. Randomization was stratified by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS 0 versus 1), gender, disease stage, basis for pathological diagnosis (histopathological/cytopathological), history of brain metastases, and investigative center. Pemetrexed was administered intravenously over 10 minutes at a dose of 500 mg/m2 on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Cisplatin was administered intravenously at a dose of 75 mg/m2 approximately 30 minutes after pemetrexed administration on Day 1 of each cycle, gemcitabine was administered at a dose of 1250 mg/m2 on Day 1 and Day 8, and cisplatin was administered intravenously at a dose of 75 mg/m2 approximately 30 minutes after administration of gemcitabine, on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Treatment was administered up to a total of 6 cycles; patients in both arms received folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. The primary efficacy outcome measure was overall survival.

A total of 1725 patients were enrolled with 862 patients randomized to pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 863 patients to gemcitabine in combination with cisplatin. The median age was 61 years (range 26–83 years), 70% were male, 78% were White, 17% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and 2.1% were Black or African American, and <1% were other ethnicities. Among patients for whom ECOG PS (n=1722) and smoking history (n=1516) were collected, 65% had an ECOG PS of 1, 36% had an ECOG PS of 0, and 84% were smokers. For tumor characteristics, 73% had non-squamous NSCLC and 27% had squamous NSCLC; 76% had Stage IV disease. Among 1252 patients with non-squamous NSCLC histology, 68% had a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma, 12% had large cell histology and 20% had other histologic subtypes.

Efficacy results in Study JMDB are presented in Table 9 and Figure 1.

Table 9: Efficacy Results in Study JMDB
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexed plus Cisplatin
(N=862)
Gemcitabine plus Cisplatin
(N=863)
*
Unadjusted for multiple comparisons.
Adjusted for gender, stage, basis of diagnosis, and performance status.
Overall Survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
10.3
(9.8–11.2)
10.3
(9.6–10.9)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*,
  (95% CI)
0.94
(0.84–1.05)
Progression-Free Survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
4.8
(4.6–5.3)
5.1
(4.6–5.5)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*,
  (95% CI)
1.04
(0.94–1.15)
Overall Response Rate
(95% CI)
27.1%
(24.2–30.1)
24.7%
(21.8–27.6)

Figure 1

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMDB

In pre-specified analyses assessing the impact of NSCLC histology on overall survival, clinically relevant differences in survival according to histology were observed. These subgroup analyses are shown in Table 10 and Figures 2 and 3. This difference in treatment effect for pemetrexed based on histology demonstrating a lack of efficacy in squamous cell histology was also observed in Studies JMEN and JMEI.

Table 10: Overall Survival in NSCLC Histologic Subgroups in Study JMDB
Histologic SubgroupsPemetrexed plus Cisplatin
(N=862)
Gemcitabine plus Cisplatin
(N=863)
*
Unadjusted for multiple comparisons.
Adjusted for ECOG PS, gender, disease stage, and basis for pathological diagnosis (histopathological/cytopathological).
Non-squamous NSCLC (N=1252)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
11.0
(10.1–12.5)
10.1
(9.3–10.9)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
0.84
(0.74–0.96)
Adenocarcinoma (N=847)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
12.6
(10.7–13.6)
10.9
(10.2–11.9)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
0.84
(0.71–0.99)
Large Cell (N=153)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
10.4
(8.6–14.1)
6.7
(5.5–9.0)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
0.67
(0.48–0.96)
Non-squamous, not otherwise specified (N=252)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
8.6
(6.8–10.2)
9.2
(8.1–10.6)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
1.08
(0.81–1.45)
Squamous Cell (N=473)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.4
(8.4–10.2)
10.8
(9.5–12.1)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
1.23
(1.00–1.51)

Figure 2

Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Non-squamous NSCLC in Study JMDB

Figure 3

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Squamous NSCLC in Study JMDB

Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Non-Pemetrexed Containing Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

The efficacy of pemetrexed as maintenance therapy following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy was evaluated in Study JMEN (NCT00102804), a multicenter, randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in 663 patients with Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC who did not progress after four cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days or placebo until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Patients in both study arms received folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. Randomization was carried out using a minimization approach [Pocock and Simon (1975)] using the following factors: gender, ECOG PS (0 versus 1), response to prior chemotherapy (complete or partial response versus stable disease), history of brain metastases (yes versus no), non-platinum component of induction therapy (docetaxel versus gemcitabine versus paclitaxel), and disease stage (IIIb versus IV). The major efficacy outcome measures were progression-free survival based on assessment by independent review and overall survival; both were measured from the date of randomization in Study JMEN.

A total of 663 patients were enrolled with 441 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 222 patients randomized to placebo. The median age was 61 years (range 26–83 years); 73% were male; 65% were White, 32% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 60% had an ECOG PS of 1; and 73% were current or former smokers. Median time from initiation of platinum-based chemotherapy to randomization was 3.3 months (range 1.6 to 5.1 months) and 49% of the population achieved a partial or complete response to first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. With regard to tumor characteristics, 81% had Stage IV disease, 73% had non-squamous NSCLC and 27% had squamous NSCLC. Among the 481 patients with non-squamous NSCLC, 68% had adenocarcinoma, 4% had large cell, and 28% had other histologies.

Efficacy results are presented in Table 11 and Figure 4.

Table 11: Efficacy Results in Study JMEN
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexedPlacebo
Overall survivalN=441N=222
*
Hazard ratios are adjusted for multiplicity but not for stratification variables.
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
13.4
(11.9–15.9)
10.6
(8.7–12.0)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.79
(0.65–0.95)
  p-valuep=0.012
Progression-free survival per independent reviewN=387N=194
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
4.0
(3.1–4.4)
2.0
(1.5–2.8)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.60
(0.49–0.73)
p-valuep<0.00001

Figure 4

Figure 4: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMEN

The results of pre-specified subgroup analyses by NSCLC histology are presented in Table 12 and Figures 5 and 6.

Table 12: Efficacy Results in Study JMEN by Histologic Subgroup
Efficacy ParameterOverall SurvivalProgression-Free Survival Per Independent Review
Pemetrexed
(N=441)
Placebo
(N=222)
Pemetrexed
(N=387)
Placebo
(N=194)
*
Hazard ratios are not adjusted for multiplicity
Primary diagnosis of NSCLC not specified as adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma.
Non-squamous NSCLC (n=481)
  Median (months)15.510.34.41.8
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.70
(0.56–0.88)
0.47
(0.37–0.60)
Adenocarcinoma (n=328)
  Median (months)16.811.54.62.7
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.73
(0.56–0.96)
0.51
(0.38–0.68)
Large cell carcinoma (n=20)
  Median (months)8.47.94.51.5
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.98
(0.36–2.65)
0.40
(0.12–1.29)
Other (n=133)
  Median (months)11.37.74.11.6
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.61
(0.40–0.94)
0.44
(0.28–0.68)
Squamous cell NSCLC (n=182)
  Median (months)9.910.82.42.5
  HR*
  (95% CI)
1.07
(0.77–1.50)
1.03
(0.71–1.49)

Figure 5

Figure 5: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Non-squamous NSCLC in Study JMEN

Figure 6

Figure 6: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Squamous NSCLC in Study JMEN

Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Pemetrexed Plus Platinum Chemotherapy

The efficacy of pemetrexed as maintenance therapy following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy was also evaluated in PARAMOUNT (NCT00789373), a multi-center, randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in patients with Stage IIIb/IV non-squamous NSCLC who had completed four cycles of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD). Patients were required to have an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days or placebo until disease progression. Randomization was stratified by response to pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin induction therapy (CR or PR versus SD), disease stage (IIIb versus IV), and ECOG PS (0 versus 1). Patients in both arms received folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone. The main efficacy outcome measure was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and an additional efficacy outcome measure was overall survival (OS); PFS and OS were measured from the time of randomization.

A total of 539 patients were enrolled with 359 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 180 patients randomized to placebo. The median age was 61 years (range 32 to 83 years); 58% were male; 95% were White, 4.5% were Asian, and <1% were Black or African American; 67% had an ECOG PS of 1; 78% were current or former smokers; and 43% of the population achieved a partial or complete response to first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. With regard to tumor characteristics, 91% had Stage IV disease, 87% had adenocarcinoma, 7% had large cell, and 6% had other histologies.

Efficacy results for PARAMOUNT are presented in Table 13 and Figure 7.

Table 13: Efficacy Results in PARAMOUNT
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexed
(N=359)
Placebo
(N=180)
*
Hazard ratios are adjusted for multiplicity but not for stratification variables.
Based on investigator's assessment.
Overall survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
13.9
(12.8–16.0)
11.0
(10.0–12.5)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*
  (95% CI)
0.78
(0.64–0.96)
  p-valuep=0.02
Progression-free survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
4.1
(3.2–4.6)
2.8
(2.6–3.1)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*
  (95% CI)
0.62
(0.49–0.79)
  p-valuep<0.0001

Figure 7

Figure 7: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in PARAMOUNT

Treatment of Recurrent Disease After Prior Chemotherapy

The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMEI (NCT00004881), a multicenter, randomized (1:1), open-label study conducted in patients with Stage III or IV NSCLC that had recurred or progressed following one prior chemotherapy regimen for advanced disease. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously or docetaxel 75 mg/m2 as a 1-hour intravenous infusion once every 21 days. Patients randomized to pemetrexed also received folic acid and vitamin B12. The study was designed to show that overall survival with pemetrexed was non-inferior to docetaxel, as the major efficacy outcome measure, and that overall survival was superior for patients randomized to pemetrexed compared to docetaxel, as a secondary outcome measure.

A total of 571 patients were enrolled with 283 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 288 patients randomized to docetaxel. The median age was 58 years (range 22 to 87 years); 72% were male; 71% were White, 24% were Asian, 2.8% were Black or African American, 1.8% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 88% had an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. With regard to tumor characteristics, 75% had Stage IV disease; 53% had adenocarcinoma, 30% had squamous histology; 8% large cell; and 9% had other histologic subtypes of NSCLC.

The efficacy results in the overall population and in subgroup analyses based on histologic subtype are provided in Tables 14 and 15, respectively. Study JMEI did not show an improvement in overall survival in the intent-to-treat population. In subgroup analyses, there was no evidence of a treatment effect on survival in patients with squamous NSCLC; the absence of a treatment effect in patients with NSCLC of squamous histology was also observed in Studies JMDB and JMEN [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

Table 14: Efficacy Results in Study JMEI
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexed
(N=283)
Docetaxel
(N=288)
*
Hazard ratios are not adjusted for multiplicity or for stratification variables.
Overall survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
8.3
(7.0–9.4)
7.9
(6.3–9.2)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.99
(0.82–1.20)
Progression-free survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
2.9
(2.4–3.1)
2.9
(2.7–3.4)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.97
(0.82–1.16)
Overall response rate
  (95% CI)
8.5%
(5.2–11.7)
8.3%
(5.1–11.5)
Table 15: Exploratory Efficacy Analyses by Histologic Subgroup in Study JMEI
Histologic SubgroupsPemetrexed
(N=283)
Docetaxel
(N=288)
*
Hazard ratio unadjusted for multiple comparisons.
Primary diagnosis of NSCLC not specified as adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma.
Non-squamous NSCLC (N=399)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.3
(7.8–9.7)
8.0
(6.3–9.3)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.89
(0.71–1.13)
Adenocarcinoma (N=301)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.0
(7.6–9.6)
9.2
(7.5–11.3)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
1.09
(0.83–1.44)
Large Cell (N=47)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
12.8
(5.8–14.0)
4.5
(2.3–9.1)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.38
(0.18–0.78)
Other (N=51)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.4
(6.0–10.1)
7.9
(4.0–8.9)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.62
(0.32–1.23)
Squamous NSCLC (N=172)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
6.2
(4.9–8.0)
7.4
(5.6–9.5)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
1.32
(0.93–1.86)

14.2 Mesothelioma

The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMCH (NCT00005636), a multicenter, randomized (1:1), single-blind study conducted in patients with MPM who had received no prior chemotherapy. Patients were randomized (n=456) to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously over 10 minutes followed 30 minutes later by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously over two hours on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle or to receive cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously over 2 hours on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle; treatment continued until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The study was modified after randomization and treatment of 117 patients to require that all patients receive folic acid 350 mcg to 1000 mcg daily beginning 1 to 3 weeks prior to the first dose of pemetrexed and continuing until 1 to 3 weeks after the last dose, vitamin B12 1000 mcg intramuscularly 1 to 3 weeks prior to first dose of pemetrexed and every 9 weeks thereafter, and dexamethasone 4 mg orally, twice daily, for 3 days starting the day prior to each pemetrexed dose. Randomization was stratified by multiple baseline variables including KPS, histologic subtype (epithelial, mixed, sarcomatoid, other), and gender. The major efficacy outcome measure was overall survival and additional efficacy outcome measures were time to disease progression, overall response rate, and response duration.

A total of 448 patients received at least one dose of protocol-specified therapy; 226 patients were randomized to and received at least one dose of pemetrexed plus cisplatin, and 222 patients were randomized to and received cisplatin. Among the 226 patients who received cisplatin with pemetrexed, 74% received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12 during study therapy, 14% were never supplemented, and 12% were partially supplemented. Across the study population, the median age was 61 years (range: 20 to 86 years); 81% were male; 92% were White, 5% were Hispanic or Latino, 3.1% were Asian, and <1% were other ethnicities; and 54% had a baseline KPS score of 90–100% and 46% had a KPS score of 70–80%. With regard to tumor characteristics, 46% had Stage IV disease, 31% Stage III, 15% Stage II, and 7% Stage I disease at baseline; the histologic subtype of mesothelioma was epithelial in 68% of patients, mixed in 16%, sarcomatoid in 10% and other histologic subtypes in 6%. The baseline demographics and tumor characteristics of the subgroup of fully supplemented patients was similar to the overall study population.

The efficacy results from Study JMCH are summarized in Table 16 and Figure 8.

Table 16: Efficacy Results in Study JMCH
Efficacy ParameterAll Randomized and Treated Patients
(N=448)
Fully Supplemented Patients
(N=331)
Pemetrexed/Cisplatin
(N=226)
Cisplatin
(N=222)
Pemetrexed/Cisplatin
(N=168)
Cisplatin
(N=163)
*
Hazard ratios are not adjusted for stratification variables.
Not a pre-specified analysis.
Median overall survival
(months)
12.19.313.310.0
(95% CI)(10.0–14.4)(7.8–10.7)(11.4–14.9)(8.4–11.9)
Hazard ratio*0.770.75
Log rank p-value0.020NA

Figure 8

Figure 8: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMCH

Based upon prospectively defined criteria (modified Southwest Oncology Group methodology) the objective tumor response rate for pemetrexed plus cisplatin was greater than the objective tumor response rate for cisplatin alone. There was also improvement in lung function (forced vital capacity) in the pemetrexed plus cisplatin arm compared to the control arm.

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Highlights

HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use PEMETREXED FOR INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for PEMETREXED FOR INJECTION.

PEMETREXED FOR INJECTION, for intravenous use
Initial U.S. Approval: 2004

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Pemetrexed for Injection is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor indicated:

  • In combination with cisplatin for the initial treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). (1.1)
  • As a single agent for the maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous NSCLC whose disease has not progressed after four cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy. (1.1)
  • As a single agent for the treatment of patients with recurrent, metastatic non-squamous, NSCLC after prior chemotherapy. (1.1)
  • Limitations of Use: Pemetrexed for Injection is not indicated for the treatment of patients with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer. (1.1)
  • Initial treatment, in combination with cisplatin, of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma whose disease is unresectable or who are otherwise not candidates for curative surgery. (1.2)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

  • The recommended dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, administered as a single agent or with cisplatin, in patients with creatinine clearance of 45 mL/minute or greater is 500 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. (2.1, 2.2)
  • Initiate folic acid 400 mcg to 1000 mcg orally, once daily, beginning 7 days prior to the first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and continue until 21 days after the last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection. (2.4)
  • Administer vitamin B12, 1 mg intramuscularly, 1 week prior to the first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and every 3 cycles. (2.4)
  • Administer dexamethasone 4 mg orally, twice daily the day before, the day of, and the day after Pemetrexed for Injection administration. (2.4)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

For Injection: 100 mg, 500 mg or 1 gram lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial. (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to pemetrexed. (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Myelosuppression: Can cause severe bone marrow suppression resulting in cytopenia and an increased risk of infection. Do not administer Pemetrexed for Injection when the absolute neutrophil count is less than 1500 cells/mm3 and platelets are less than 100,000 cells/mm3. Initiate supplementation with oral folic acid and intramuscular vitamin B12 to reduce the severity of hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicity of Pemetrexed for Injection. (2.4, 5.1)
  • Renal Failure: Can cause severe, and sometimes fatal, renal failure. Do not administer when creatinine clearance is less than 45 mL/min. (2.3, 5.2)
  • Bullous and Exfoliative Skin Toxicity: Permanently discontinue for severe and life-threatening bullous, blistering or exfoliating skin toxicity. (5.3)
  • Interstitial Pneumonitis: Withhold for acute onset of new or progressive unexplained pulmonary symptoms. Permanently discontinue if pneumonitis is confirmed. (5.4)
  • Radiation Recall: Can occur in patients who received radiation weeks to years previously; permanently discontinue for signs of radiation recall. (5.5)
  • Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise patients of the potential risk to a fetus and to use effective contraception. (5.7, 8.1, 8.3)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

  • The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered as a single agent, are fatigue, nausea, and anorexia. (6.1)
  • The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed when administered with cisplatin are vomiting, neutropenia, anemia, stomatitis/pharyngitis, thrombocytopenia, and constipation. (6.1)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Pfizer Inc. at 1-800-438-1985 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Ibuprofen increased risk of Pemetrexed for Injection toxicity in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment. Modify the ibuprofen dosage as recommended for patients with a creatinine clearance between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min. (2.5, 5.6, 7)

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and FDA-approved patient labeling.

Revised: 6/2022

Indications and Usage

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Pemetrexed for Injection is indicated:

  • In combination with cisplatin for the initial treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  • As a single agent for the maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic, non-squamous NSCLC whose disease has not progressed after four cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy.
  • As a single agent for the treatment of patients with recurrent, metastatic non-squamous, NSCLC after prior chemotherapy.

Limitations of Use: Pemetrexed for Injection is not indicated for the treatment of patients with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer [see Clinical Studies 14.1].

1.2 Mesothelioma

Pemetrexed for Injection is indicated, in combination with cisplatin, for the initial treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma whose disease is unresectable or who are otherwise not candidates for curative surgery.

Dosage and Administration

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosage for Non-Squamous NSCLC

  • The recommended dose of Pemetrexed for Injection when administered with cisplatin for initial treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes administered prior to cisplatin on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for up to six cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • The recommended dose of Pemetrexed for Injection for maintenance treatment of non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity after four cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy.
  • The recommended dose of Pemetrexed for Injection for treatment of recurrent non-squamous NSCLC in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

2.2 Recommended Dosage for Mesothelioma

The recommended dose of Pemetrexed for Injection when administered with cisplatin in patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater is 500 mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

2.3 Renal Impairment

Pemetrexed for Injection dosing recommendations are provided for patients with a creatinine clearance (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) of 45 mL/min or greater [see Dosage and Administration (2.1, 2.2)]. There is no recommended dose for patients whose creatinine clearance is less than 45 mL/min [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

2.4 Premedication and Concomitant Medications to Mitigate Toxicity

Vitamin Supplementation

  • Initiate folic acid 400 mcg to 1000 mcg orally once daily, beginning 7 days before the first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and continuing until 21 days after the last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
  • Administer vitamin B12, 1 mg intramuscularly, 1 week prior to the first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and every 3 cycles thereafter. Subsequent vitamin B12 injections may be given the same day as treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Do not substitute oral vitamin B12 for intramuscular vitamin B12.

Corticosteroids

  • Administer dexamethasone 4 mg orally twice daily for three consecutive days, beginning the day before each Pemetrexed for Injection administration.

2.5 Dosage Modification of Ibuprofen in Patients with Mild to Moderate Renal Impairment Receiving Pemetrexed for Injection

In patients with creatinine clearances between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min, modify administration of ibuprofen as follows [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6), Drug Interactions (7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]:

  • Avoid administration of ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Monitor patients more frequently for myelosuppression, renal, and gastrointestinal toxicity, if concomitant administration of ibuprofen cannot be avoided.

2.6 Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions

Obtain complete blood count on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each cycle. Assess creatinine clearance prior to each cycle. Do not administer Pemetrexed for Injection if the creatinine clearance is less than 45 mL/min.

Delay initiation of the next cycle of Pemetrexed for Injection until:

  • Recovery of non-hematologic toxicity to Grade 0–2,
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) is 1500 cells/mm3 or higher, and
  • Platelet count is 100,000 cells/mm3 or higher.

Upon recovery, modify the dosage of Pemetrexed for Injection in the next cycle as specified in Table 1.

For dosing modifications for cisplatin, refer to the prescribing information for cisplatin.

Table 1: Recommended Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions*
Toxicity in Most Recent Treatment CyclePemetrexed for Injection Dose Modification for Next Cycle
*
National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 2 (NCI CTCAE v2)
Myelosuppressive toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
ANC less than 500/mm3 and platelets greater than or equal to 50,000/mm3
OR
Platelet count less than 50,000/mm3 without bleeding
75% of previous dose
Platelet count less than 50,000/mm3 with bleeding50% of previous dose
Recurrent Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression after 2 dose reductionsDiscontinue
Non-hematologic toxicity
Any Grade 3 or 4 toxicities EXCEPT mucositis or neurologic toxicity or diarrhea requiring hospitalization75% of previous dose
Grade 3 or 4 mucositis50% of previous dose
Renal toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Withhold until creatinine clearance is 45 mL/min or greater
Grade 3 or 4 neurologic toxicityPermanently discontinue
Recurrent Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity after 2 dose reductionsPermanently discontinue
Severe and life-threatening Skin Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]Permanently discontinue
Interstitial Pneumonitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]Permanently discontinue

2.7 Preparation for Administration

Pemetrexed for Injection is a hazardous drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.1

Determine the number of vials needed, then reconstitute and further dilute Pemetrexed for Injection as follows:

Reconstitute each vial with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free) AND further dilute prior to intravenous administration with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free) as shown in Table 2.

Table 2: Reconstitution and Further Dilution with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP
100 mg vial500 mg vial1 gram vial
*
Do not use calcium containing solutions for reconstitution.
If not used immediately, store reconstituted, preservative-free product under refrigerated conditions [2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F)] for no longer than 24 hours from the time of reconstitution. Discard vial after 24 hours.
If not used immediately, store diluted, reconstituted product under refrigerated conditions [2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F)] for no more than 24 hours from the time of reconstitution. Discard after 24 hours.
Step 1
Reconstitute to achieve a 25 mg/mL concentration*
Reconstitute each 100-mg vial with 4.2 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free).Reconstitute each 500-mg vial with 20 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free).Reconstitute each 1-gram vial with 40 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free).
Step 2
Swirl and Inspect
Gently swirl each vial until the powder is completely dissolved. The resulting solution is clear and ranges in color from colorless to yellow or green-yellow. FURTHER DILUTION IS REQUIRED prior to administration.
Inspect reconstituted product visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to further dilution. If particulate matter is observed, discard vial.
Step 3
Withdraw Calculated Dose
Withdraw the calculated dose of Pemetrexed for Injection from the vial(s) and discard vial with any unused portion.
Step 4
Further Dilute
Further dilute Pemetrexed for Injection with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (preservative-free) to achieve a total volume of 100 mL for intravenous infusion.

Dosage Forms and Strengths

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

For injection: 100 mg, 500 mg or 1 gram pemetrexed as a white to light-yellow or green-yellow lyophilized powder in single-dose vials for reconstitution.

Contraindications

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Pemetrexed for Injection is contraindicated in patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to pemetrexed [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Warnings and Precautions

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Myelosuppression and Increased Risk of Myelosuppression without Vitamin Supplementation

Pemetrexed for Injection can cause severe myelosuppression resulting in a requirement for transfusions and which may lead to neutropenic infection. The risk of myelosuppression is increased in patients who do not receive vitamin supplementation. In Study JMCH, incidences of Grade 3–4 neutropenia (38% versus 23%), thrombocytopenia (9% versus 5%), febrile neutropenia (9% versus 0.6%), and neutropenic infection (6% versus 0) were higher in patients who received pemetrexed plus cisplatin without vitamin supplementation as compared to patients who were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B12 prior to and throughout pemetrexed plus cisplatin treatment.

Initiate supplementation with oral folic acid and intramuscular vitamin B12 prior to the first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection; continue vitamin supplementation during treatment and for 21 days after the last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection to reduce the severity of hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicity of Pemetrexed for Injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. Obtain a complete blood count at the beginning of each cycle. Do not administer Pemetrexed for Injection until the ANC is at least 1500 cells/mm3 and platelet count is at least 100,000 cells/mm3. Permanently reduce Pemetrexed for Injection in patients with an ANC of less than 500 cells/mm3 or platelet count of less than 50,000 cells/mm3 in previous cycles [see Dosage and Administration (2.6)].

In Studies JMDB and JMCH, among patients who received vitamin supplementation, incidence of Grade 3–4 neutropenia was 15% and 23%, the incidence of Grade 3–4 anemia was 6% and 4%, and incidence of Grade 3–4 thrombocytopenia was 4% and 5%, respectively. In Study JMCH, 18% of patients in the pemetrexed arm required red blood cell transfusions compared to 7% of patients in the cisplatin arm [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. In Studies JMEN, PARAMOUNT, and JMEI, where all patients received vitamin supplementation, incidence of Grade 3–4 neutropenia ranged from 3% to 5%, and incidence of Grade 3–4 anemia ranged from 3% to 5%.

5.2 Renal Failure

Pemetrexed for Injection can cause severe, and sometimes fatal, renal toxicity. The incidences of renal failure in clinical studies in which patients received pemetrexed with cisplatin were: 2.1% in Study JMDB and 2.2% in Study JMCH. The incidence of renal failure in clinical studies in which patients received pemetrexed as a single agent ranged from 0.4% to 0.6% (Studies JMEN, PARAMOUNT, and JMEI [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]). Determine creatinine clearance before each dose and periodically monitor renal function during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Withhold Pemetrexed for Injection in patients with a creatinine clearance of less than 45 mL/minute [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.3 Bullous and Exfoliative Skin Toxicity

Serious and sometimes fatal, bullous, blistering and exfoliative skin toxicity, including cases suggestive of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic epidermal necrolysis can occur with Pemetrexed for Injection. Permanently discontinue Pemetrexed for Injection for severe and life-threatening bullous, blistering or exfoliating skin toxicity.

5.4 Interstitial Pneumonitis

Serious interstitial pneumonitis, including fatal cases, can occur with Pemetrexed for Injection treatment. Withhold Pemetrexed for Injection for acute onset of new or progressive unexplained pulmonary symptoms such as dyspnea, cough, or fever pending diagnostic evaluation. If pneumonitis is confirmed, permanently discontinue Pemetrexed for Injection.

5.5 Radiation Recall

Radiation recall can occur with Pemetrexed for Injection in patients who have received radiation weeks to years previously. Monitor patients for inflammation or blistering in areas of previous radiation treatment. Permanently discontinue Pemetrexed for Injection for signs of radiation recall.

5.6 Increased Risk of Toxicity with Ibuprofen in Patients with Renal Impairment

Exposure to Pemetrexed for Injection is increased in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment who take concomitant ibuprofen, increasing the risks of adverse reactions of Pemetrexed for Injection. In patients with creatinine clearances between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min, avoid administration of ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of Pemetrexed for Injection. If concomitant ibuprofen use cannot be avoided, monitor patients more frequently for Pemetrexed for Injection adverse reactions, including myelosuppression, renal, and gastrointestinal toxicity [see Dosage and Administration (2.5), Drug Interactions (7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

5.7 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, Pemetrexed for Injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of pemetrexed to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic, resulting in developmental delays and increased malformations at doses lower than the recommended human dose of 500 mg/m2. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)].

Adverse Reactions

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reactions rates cannot be directly compared to rates in other clinical trials and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

In clinical trials, the most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered as a single agent, are fatigue, nausea, and anorexia. The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) of pemetrexed, when administered in combination with cisplatin are vomiting, neutropenia, anemia, stomatitis/pharyngitis, thrombocytopenia, and constipation.

Non-Squamous NSCLC

Initial Treatment in Combination with Cisplatin

The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMDB, a randomized (1:1), open-label, multicenter trial conducted in chemotherapy-naive patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC. Patients received either pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously and cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (n=839) or gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 intravenously on Days 1 and 8 and cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (n=830). All patients were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B12.

Study JMDB excluded patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS of 2 or greater), uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study.

The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed plus cisplatin in 839 patients in Study JMDB. Median age was 61 years (range 26–83 years); 70% of patients were men; 78% were White,16% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, 2.1% were Black or African American, and <1% were other ethnicities; 36% had an ECOG PS 0. Patients received a median of 5 cycles of pemetrexed .

Table 3 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions that occurred in ≥5% of 839 patients receiving pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin in Study JMDB. Study JMDB was not designed to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in adverse reaction rates for pemetrexed, as compared to the control arm, for any specified adverse reaction listed in Table 3.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Fully Vitamin-Supplemented Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Combination with Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Study JMDB
Adverse Reaction*Pemetrexed/Cisplatin
(N=839)
Gemcitabine/Cisplatin
(N=830)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
*
NCI CTCAE version 2.0
All adverse reactions90379153
  Laboratory
    Hematologic
      Anemia3364610
      Neutropenia29153827
      Thrombocytopenia1042713
  Renal
  Elevated creatinine10171
  Clinical
    Constitutional symptoms
  Fatigue437455
  Gastrointestinal
      Nausea567534
      Vomiting406366
      Anorexia272241
      Constipation211200
      Stomatitis/pharyngitis141120
      Diarrhea121132
      Dyspepsia/heartburn5060
  Neurology
      Sensory neuropathy90121
      Taste disturbance8090
  Dermatology/Skin
      Alopecia120211
      Rash/Desquamation7081

The following additional adverse reactions of pemetrexed were observed.

Incidence 1% to <5%

Body as a Whole — febrile neutropenia, infection, pyrexia

General Disorders — dehydration

Metabolism and Nutrition — increased AST, increased ALT

Renal — renal failure

Eye Disorder — conjunctivitis

Incidence <1%

Cardiovascular — arrhythmia

General Disorders — chest pain

Metabolism and Nutrition — increased GGT

Neurology — motor neuropathy

Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Non-Pemetrexed Containing Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

In Study JMEN, the safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in a randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled, multicenter trial conducted in patients with non-progressive locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC following four cycles of a first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients received either pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 or matching placebo intravenously every 21 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in both study arms were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B12.

Study JMEN excluded patients with an ECOG PS of 2 or greater, uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study.

The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 438 patients in Study JMEN. Median age was 61 years (range 26–83 years), 73% of patients were men; 65% were White, 31% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 39% had an ECOG PS 0. Patients received a median of 5 cycles of pemetrexed and a relative dose intensity of pemetrexed of 96%. Approximately half the patients (48%) completed at least six, 21-day cycles and 23% completed ten or more 21-day cycles of pemetrexed.

Table 4 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of the 438 pemetrexed-treated patients in Study JMEN.

Table 4: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Study JMEN
Adverse Reaction*Pemetrexed
(N=438)
Placebo
(N=218)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
*
NCI CTCAE version 3.0
All adverse reactions6616374
  Laboratory
    Hematologic
      Anemia15361
      Neutropenia6300
  Hepatic
      Increased ALT10040
      Increased AST8040
  Clinical
    Constitutional symptoms
      Fatigue255111
  Gastrointestinal
      Nausea19161
      Anorexia19250
      Vomiting9010
      Mucositis/stomatitis7120
      Diarrhea5130
  Infection5220
  Neurology
      Sensory neuropathy9140
  Dermatology/Skin
      Rash/Desquamation10030

The requirement for transfusions (9.5% versus 3.2%), primarily red blood cell transfusions, and for erythropoiesis stimulating agents (5.9% versus 1.8%) were higher in the pemetrexed arm compared to the placebo arm.

The following additional adverse reactions were observed in patients who received pemetrexed.

Incidence 1% to <5%

Dermatology/Skin — alopecia, pruritus/itching

Gastrointestinal — constipation

General Disorders — edema, fever

Hematologic — thrombocytopenia

Eye Disorder — ocular surface disease (including conjunctivitis), increased lacrimation

Incidence <1%

Cardiovascular — supraventricular arrhythmia

Dermatology/Skin — erythema multiforme

General Disorders — febrile neutropenia, allergic reaction/hypersensitivity

Neurology — motor neuropathy

Renal — renal failure

Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Pemetrexed Plus Platinum Chemotherapy

The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in PARAMOUNT, a randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled study conducted in patients with non-squamous NSCLC with non-progressive (stable or responding disease) locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC following four cycles of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin as first-line therapy for NSCLC. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 or matching placebo intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in both study arms received folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation.

PARAMOUNT excluded patients with an ECOG PS of 2 or greater, uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study.

The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 333 patients in PARAMOUNT. Median age was 61 years (range 32 to 83 years); 58% of patients were men; 94% were White, 4.8% were Asian, and <1% were Black or African American; 36% had an ECOG PS 0. The median number of maintenance cycles was 4 for pemetrexed and placebo arms. Dose reductions for adverse reactions occurred in 3.3% of patients in the pemetrexed arm and 0.6% in the placebo arm. Dose delays for adverse reactions occurred in 22% of patients in the pemetrexed arm and 16% in the placebo arm.

Table 5 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of the 333 pemetrexed-treated patients in PARAMOUNT.

Table 5: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in PARAMOUNT
Adverse Reaction*Pemetrexed
(N=333)
Placebo
(N=167)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
*
NCI CTCAE version 3.0
All adverse reactions5317344.8
  Laboratory
    Hematologic
      Anemia154.84.80.6
      Neutropenia93.90.60
  Clinical
    Constitutional symptoms
      Fatigue184.5110.6
  Gastrointestinal
      Nausea120.32.40
      Vomiting601.80
      Mucositis/stomatitis50.32.40
  General disorders
      Edema503.60

The requirement for red blood cell (13% versus 4.8%) and platelet (1.5% versus 0.6%) transfusions, erythropoiesis stimulating agents (12% versus 7%), and granulocyte colony stimulating factors (6% versus 0%) were higher in the pemetrexed arm compared to the placebo arm.

The following additional Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions were observed more frequently in the pemetrexed arm.

Incidence 1% to <5%

Blood/Bone Marrow — thrombocytopenia

General Disorders — febrile neutropenia

Incidence <1%

Cardiovascular — ventricular tachycardia, syncope

General Disorders — pain

Gastrointestinal — gastrointestinal obstruction

Neurologic — depression

Renal — renal failure

Vascular — pulmonary embolism

Treatment of Recurrent Disease After Prior Chemotherapy

The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMEI, a randomized (1:1), open-label, active-controlled trial conducted in patients who had progressed following platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously or docetaxel 75 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. All patients on the pemetrexed arm received folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation.

Study JMEI excluded patients with an ECOG PS of 3 or greater, uncontrolled third-space fluid retention, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to discontinue aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or unable to take folic acid, vitamin B12 or corticosteroids were also excluded from the study.

The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 265 patients in Study JMEI. Median age was 58 years (range 22 to 87 years); 73% of patients were men; 70% were White, 24% were Asian, 2.6% were Black or African American, 1.8% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 19% had an ECOG PS 0.

Table 6 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of the 265 pemetrexed-treated patients in Study JMEI. Study JMEI is not designed to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in adverse reaction rates for pemetrexed, as compared to the control arm, for any specified adverse reaction listed in the Table 6 below.

Table 6: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Fully Supplemented Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Study JMEI
Adverse Reaction*Pemetrexed
(N=265)
Docetaxel
(N=276)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
*
NCI CTCAE version 2.0
  Laboratory
    Hematologic
        Anemia194224
        Neutropenia1154540
        Thrombocytopenia8210
    Hepatic
        Increased ALT8210
        Increased AST7110
  Clinical
    Gastrointestinal
        Nausea313172
        Anorexia222243
        Vomiting162121
        Stomatitis/pharyngitis151171
        Diarrhea130243
        Constipation6040
  Constitutional symptoms
        Fatigue345365
        Fever8080
  Dermatology/Skin
        Rash/desquamation14060
        Pruritus7020
        Alopecia61382

The following additional adverse reactions were observed in patients assigned to receive pemetrexed.

Incidence 1% to <5%

Body as a Whole — abdominal pain, allergic reaction/hypersensitivity, febrile neutropenia, infection

Dermatology/Skin — erythema multiforme

Neurology — motor neuropathy, sensory neuropathy

Incidence <1%

Cardiovascular — supraventricular arrhythmias

Renal — renal failure

Mesothelioma

The safety of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMCH, a randomized (1:1), single-blind study conducted in patients with MPM who had received no prior chemotherapy for MPM. Patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously in combination with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle or cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle administered until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Safety was assessed in 226 patients who received at least one dose of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 222 patients who received at least one dose of cisplatin alone. Among 226 patients who received pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin, 74% (n=168) received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12 during study therapy, 14% (n=32) were never supplemented, and 12% (n=26) were partially supplemented.

Study JMCH excluded patients with Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) of less than 70, inadequate bone marrow reserve and organ function, or a calculated creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min. Patients unable to stop using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were also excluded from the study.

The data described below reflect exposure to pemetrexed in 168 patients that were fully supplemented with folic acid and vitamin B12. Median age was 60 years (range 19 to 85 years); 82% were men; 92% were White, 5% were Hispanic or Latino, 3.0% were Asian, and <1% were other ethnicities; 54% had KPS of 90–100. The median number of treatment cycles administered was 6 in the pemetrexed /cisplatin fully supplemented group and 2 in the pemetrexed /cisplatin never supplemented group. Patients receiving pemetrexed in the fully supplemented group had a relative dose intensity of 93% of the protocol-specified pemetrexed dose intensity. The most common adverse reaction resulting in dose delay was neutropenia.

Table 7 provides the frequency and severity of adverse reactions ≥5% in the subgroup of pemetrexed-treated patients who were fully vitamin supplemented in Study JMCH. Study JMCH was not designed to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in adverse reaction rates for pemetrexed, as compared to the control arm, for any specified adverse reaction listed in the table below.

Table7: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥5% of Fully Supplemented Subgroup of Patients Receiving Pemetrexed/Cisplatin in Study JMCH*
Adverse ReactionPemetrexed/cisplatin
(N=168)
Cisplatin
(N=163)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3–4
(%)
*
In Study JMCH, 226 patients received at least one dose of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 222 patients received at least one dose of cisplatin. Table 7 provides the ADRs for subgroup of patients treated with pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin (168 patients) or cisplatin alone (163 patients) who received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12 during study therapy.
NCI CTCAE version 2.0
  Laboratory
    Hematologic
      Neutropenia5623133
      Anemia264100
      Thrombocytopenia23590
  Renal
      Elevated creatinine111101
      Decreased creatinine clearance161182
  Clinical
    Eye Disorder
      Conjunctivitis5010
  Gastrointestinal
      Nausea8212776
      Vomiting5711504
      Stomatitis/pharyngitis23360
      Anorexia201141
      Diarrhea17480
      Constipation12171
      Dyspepsia5110
  Constitutional Symptoms
      Fatigue4810429
  Metabolism and Nutrition
      Dehydration7411
  Neurology
      Sensory neuropathy100101
      Taste disturbance8060
  Dermatology/Skin
      Rash16150
      Alopecia11060

The following additional adverse reactions were observed in patients receiving pemetrexed plus cisplatin:

Incidence 1% to <5%

Body as a Whole — febrile neutropenia, infection, pyrexia

Dermatology/Skin — urticaria

General Disorders — chest pain

Metabolism and Nutrition — increased AST, increased ALT, increased GGT

Renal — renal failure

Incidence <1%

Cardiovascular — arrhythmia

Neurology — motor neuropathy

Exploratory Subgroup Analyses based on Vitamin Supplementation

Table 8 provides the results of exploratory analyses of the frequency and severity of NCI CTCAE Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions reported in more pemetrexed-treated patients who did not receive vitamin supplementation (never supplemented) as compared with those who received vitamin supplementation with daily folic acid and vitamin B12 from the time of enrollment in Study JMCH (fully supplemented).

Table 8: Exploratory Subgroup Analysis of Selected Grade 3/4 Adverse Reactions Occurring in Patients Receiving Pemetrexed in Combination with Cisplatin with or without Full Vitamin Supplementation in Study JMCH*
Fully Supplemented PatientsNever Supplemented Patients
Grade 3–4 Adverse ReactionsN=168
(%)
N=32
(%)
*
NCI CTCAE version 2.0
Neutropenia2338
Thrombocytopenia59
Vomiting1131
Febrile neutropenia19
Infection with Grade 3/4 neutropenia06
Diarrhea49

The following adverse reactions occurred more frequently in patients who were fully vitamin supplemented than in patients who were never supplemented:

  • hypertension (11% versus 3%),
  • chest pain (8% versus 6%),
  • thrombosis/embolism (6% versus 3%).

Additional Experience Across Clinical Trials

Sepsis, with or without neutropenia, including fatal cases: 1%

Severe esophagitis, resulting in hospitalization: <1%

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of pemetrexed. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and Lymphatic System — immune-mediated hemolytic anemia

Gastrointestinal — colitis, pancreatitis

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions — edema

Injury, Poisoning, and Procedural Complications — radiation recall

Respiratory — interstitial pneumonitis

Skin — Serious and fatal bullous skin conditions, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis

Drug Interactions

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

Effects of Ibuprofen on Pemetrexed

Ibuprofen increases exposure (AUC) of pemetrexed [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. In patients with creatinine clearance between 45 mL/min and 79 mL/min:

  • Avoid administration of ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of Pemetrexed for Injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].
  • Monitor patients more frequently for myelosuppression, renal, and gastrointestinal toxicity, if concomitant administration of ibuprofen cannot be avoided.

Use in Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, Pemetrexed for Injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no available data on Pemetrexed for Injection use in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, intravenous administration of pemetrexed to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic, resulting in developmental delays and malformations at doses lower than the recommended human dose of 500 mg/m2 [see Data]. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus [see Use in Special Populations (8.3)].

In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

Pemetrexed was teratogenic in mice. Daily dosing of pemetrexed by intravenous injection to pregnant mice during the period of organogenesis increased the incidence of fetal malformations (cleft palate; protruding tongue; enlarged or misshaped kidney; and fused lumbar vertebra) at doses (based on BSA) 0.03 times the human dose of 500 mg/m2. At doses, based on BSA, greater than or equal to 0.0012 times the 500 mg/m2 human dose, pemetrexed administration resulted in dose-dependent increases in developmental delays (incomplete ossification of talus and skull bone; and decreased fetal weight).

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

There is no information regarding the presence of pemetrexed or its metabolites in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from Pemetrexed for Injection, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for one week after the last dose.

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Based on animal data, Pemetrexed for Injection can cause malformations when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Pregnancy Testing

Verify pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating Pemetrexed for Injection [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Contraception

Females

Because of the potential for genotoxicity, advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection.

Males

Because of the potential for genotoxicity, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Infertility

Males

Pemetrexed for Injection may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential. It is not known whether these effects on fertility are reversible [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of Pemetrexed for Injection in pediatric patients have not been established.

The safety and pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were evaluated in two clinical studies conducted in pediatric patients with recurrent solid tumors (NCT00070473, N=32 and NCT00520936, N=72). Patients in both studies received concomitant vitamin B12 and folic acid supplementation and dexamethasone.

No tumor responses were observed. Adverse reactions observed in pediatric patients were similar to those observed in adults.

Pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed in 22 patients age 4 to 18 years enrolled in NCT00070473 were within range of values in adults.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Of the 3,946 patients enrolled in clinical studies of pemetrexed, 34% were 65 and over and 4% were 75 and over. No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients. The incidences of Grade 3–4 anemia, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, hypertension, and neutropenia were higher in patients 65 years of age and older as compared to younger patients: in at least one of five randomized clinical trials. [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Clinical Studies (14.1, 14.2)].

8.6 Patients with Renal Impairment

Pemetrexed is primarily excreted by the kidneys. Decreased renal function results in reduced clearance and greater exposure (AUC) to pemetrexed compared with patients with normal renal function [Warnings and Precautions (5.2, 5.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dose is recommended for patients with creatinine clearance less than 45 mL/min [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

Overdosage

10 OVERDOSAGE

No drugs are approved for the treatment of Pemetrexed for Injection overdose. Based on animal studies, administration of leucovorin may mitigate the toxicities of Pemetrexed for Injection overdosage. It is not known whether pemetrexed is dialyzable.

Description

11 DESCRIPTION

Pemetrexed is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor. The drug substance, pemetrexed ditromethamine, has the chemical name L-glutamic acid, N-[4-[2-(2-amino-4,7-dihydro-4-oxo-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-d] pyrimidin-5-yl)ethyl]benzoyl]-, ditromethamine dihydrate with a molecular formula of C28H47N7O14 and a molecular weight of 705.68. The structural formula is as follows:

Chemical Structure

Pemetrexed for Injection is a sterile white-to-light yellow or green-yellow lyophilized powder in single-dose vials to be reconstituted for intravenous infusion. Each 100-mg vial of Pemetrexed for Injection contains 100 mg pemetrexed (equivalent to 157 mg pemetrexed ditromethamine) and 106 mg mannitol. Each 500-mg vial of Pemetrexed for Injection contains 500 mg pemetrexed (equivalent to 783 mg pemetrexed ditromethamine) and 500 mg mannitol. Each 1-gram vial of Pemetrexed for Injection contains 1 gram pemetrexed (equivalent to 1.57 gram pemetrexed ditromethamine) and 1 gram mannitol.

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Pemetrexed for Injection is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor that disrupts folate-dependent metabolic processes essential for cell replication. In vitro studies show that pemetrexed inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase, and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), which are folate-dependent enzymes involved in the de novo biosynthesis of thymidine and purine nucleotides. Pemetrexed is taken into cells by membrane carriers such as the reduced folate carrier and membrane folate binding protein transport systems. Once in the cell, pemetrexed is converted to polyglutamate forms by the enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase. The polyglutamate forms are retained in cells and are inhibitors of TS and GARFT.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Pemetrexed inhibited the in vitro growth of mesothelioma cell lines (MSTO-211H, NCI-H2052) and showed synergistic effects when combined with cisplatin.

Based on population pharmacodynamic analyses, the depth of the absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) nadir correlates with the systemic exposure to pemetrexed and supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12. There is no cumulative effect of pemetrexed exposure on ANC nadir over multiple treatment cycles.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed when administered as a single agent in doses ranging from 0.2 to 838 mg/m2 infused over a 10-minute period have been evaluated in 426 cancer patients with a variety of solid tumors. Pemetrexed total systemic exposure (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) increased proportionally with increase of dose. The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed did not change over multiple treatment cycles.

Distribution

Pemetrexed has a steady-state volume of distribution of 16.1 liters. In vitro studies indicated that pemetrexed is 81% bound to plasma proteins.

Elimination

The total systemic clearance of pemetrexed is 91.8 mL/min and the elimination half-life of pemetrexed is 3.5 hours in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance of 90 mL/min). As renal function decreases, the clearance of pemetrexed decreases and exposure (AUC) of pemetrexed increases.

Metabolism

Pemetrexed is not metabolized to an appreciable extent.

Excretion

Pemetrexed is primarily eliminated in the urine, with 70% to 90% of the dose recovered unchanged within the first 24 hours following administration. In vitro studies indicated that pemetrexed is a substrate of OAT3 (organic anion transporter 3), a transporter that is involved in the active secretion of pemetrexed.

Specific Populations

Age (26 to 80 years) and sex had no clinically meaningful effect on the systemic exposure of pemetrexed based on population pharmacokinetic analyses.

Racial Groups

The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were similar in Whites and Blacks or African Americans. Insufficient data are available for other ethnic groups.

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

Pemetrexed has not been formally studied in patients with hepatic impairment. No effect of elevated AST, ALT, or total bilirubin on the PK of pemetrexed was observed in clinical studies.

Patients with Renal Impairment

Pharmacokinetic analyses of pemetrexed included 127 patients with impaired renal function. Plasma clearance of pemetrexed decreases as renal function decreases, with a resultant increase in systemic exposure. Patients with creatinine clearances of 45, 50, and 80 mL/min had 65%, 54%, and 13% increases, respectively in systemic exposure (AUC) compared to patients with creatinine clearance of 100 mL/min [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) and Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Third-Space Fluid

The pemetrexed plasma concentrations in patients with various solid tumors with stable, mild to moderate third-space fluid were comparable to those observed in patients without third-space fluid collections. The effect of severe third-space fluid on pharmacokinetics is not known.

Drug Interaction Studies

Drugs Inhibiting OAT3 Transporter

Ibuprofen, an OAT3 inhibitor, administered at 400 mg four times a day decreased the clearance of pemetrexed and increased its exposure (AUC) by approximately 20% in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance >80 mL/min).

In Vitro Studies

Pemetrexed is a substrate for OAT3. Ibuprofen, an OAT3 inhibitor inhibited the uptake of pemetrexed in OAT3-expressing cell cultures with an average [Iu]/IC50 ratio of 0.38. In vitro data predict that at clinically relevant concentrations, other NSAIDs (naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib) would not inhibit the uptake of pemetrexed by OAT3 and would not increase the AUC of pemetrexed to a clinically significant extent [see Drug Interactions (7)].

Pemetrexed is a substrate for OAT4. In vitro, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs (naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib) are not inhibitors of OAT4 at clinically relevant concentrations.

Aspirin

Aspirin, administered in low to moderate doses (325 mg every 6 hours), does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed.

Cisplatin

Cisplatin does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed and the pharmacokinetics of total platinum are unaltered by pemetrexed.

Vitamins

Neither folic acid nor vitamin B12 affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed.

Drugs Metabolized by Cytochrome P450 Enzymes

In vitro studies suggest that pemetrexed does not inhibit the clearance of drugs metabolized by CYP3A, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP1A2.

Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

No carcinogenicity studies have been conducted with pemetrexed. Pemetrexed was clastogenic in an in vivo micronucleus assay in mouse bone marrow but was not mutagenic in multiple in vitro tests (Ames assay, Chinese Hamster Ovary cell assay).

Pemetrexed administered intraperitoneally at doses of ≥0.1 mg/kg/day to male mice (approximately 0.0006 times the recommended human dose based on BSA) resulted in reduced fertility, hypospermia, and testicular atrophy.

Clinical Studies

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Non-Squamous NSCLC

Initial Treatment in Combination with Cisplatin

The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMDB (NCT00087711), a multi-center, randomized (1:1), open-label study conducted in 1725 chemotherapy-naive patients with Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed with cisplatin or gemcitabine with cisplatin. Randomization was stratified by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS 0 versus 1), gender, disease stage, basis for pathological diagnosis (histopathological/cytopathological), history of brain metastases, and investigative center. Pemetrexed was administered intravenously over 10 minutes at a dose of 500 mg/m2 on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Cisplatin was administered intravenously at a dose of 75 mg/m2 approximately 30 minutes after pemetrexed administration on Day 1 of each cycle, gemcitabine was administered at a dose of 1250 mg/m2 on Day 1 and Day 8, and cisplatin was administered intravenously at a dose of 75 mg/m2 approximately 30 minutes after administration of gemcitabine, on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Treatment was administered up to a total of 6 cycles; patients in both arms received folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. The primary efficacy outcome measure was overall survival.

A total of 1725 patients were enrolled with 862 patients randomized to pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and 863 patients to gemcitabine in combination with cisplatin. The median age was 61 years (range 26–83 years), 70% were male, 78% were White, 17% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and 2.1% were Black or African American, and <1% were other ethnicities. Among patients for whom ECOG PS (n=1722) and smoking history (n=1516) were collected, 65% had an ECOG PS of 1, 36% had an ECOG PS of 0, and 84% were smokers. For tumor characteristics, 73% had non-squamous NSCLC and 27% had squamous NSCLC; 76% had Stage IV disease. Among 1252 patients with non-squamous NSCLC histology, 68% had a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma, 12% had large cell histology and 20% had other histologic subtypes.

Efficacy results in Study JMDB are presented in Table 9 and Figure 1.

Table 9: Efficacy Results in Study JMDB
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexed plus Cisplatin
(N=862)
Gemcitabine plus Cisplatin
(N=863)
*
Unadjusted for multiple comparisons.
Adjusted for gender, stage, basis of diagnosis, and performance status.
Overall Survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
10.3
(9.8–11.2)
10.3
(9.6–10.9)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*,
  (95% CI)
0.94
(0.84–1.05)
Progression-Free Survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
4.8
(4.6–5.3)
5.1
(4.6–5.5)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*,
  (95% CI)
1.04
(0.94–1.15)
Overall Response Rate
(95% CI)
27.1%
(24.2–30.1)
24.7%
(21.8–27.6)

Figure 1

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMDB

In pre-specified analyses assessing the impact of NSCLC histology on overall survival, clinically relevant differences in survival according to histology were observed. These subgroup analyses are shown in Table 10 and Figures 2 and 3. This difference in treatment effect for pemetrexed based on histology demonstrating a lack of efficacy in squamous cell histology was also observed in Studies JMEN and JMEI.

Table 10: Overall Survival in NSCLC Histologic Subgroups in Study JMDB
Histologic SubgroupsPemetrexed plus Cisplatin
(N=862)
Gemcitabine plus Cisplatin
(N=863)
*
Unadjusted for multiple comparisons.
Adjusted for ECOG PS, gender, disease stage, and basis for pathological diagnosis (histopathological/cytopathological).
Non-squamous NSCLC (N=1252)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
11.0
(10.1–12.5)
10.1
(9.3–10.9)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
0.84
(0.74–0.96)
Adenocarcinoma (N=847)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
12.6
(10.7–13.6)
10.9
(10.2–11.9)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
0.84
(0.71–0.99)
Large Cell (N=153)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
10.4
(8.6–14.1)
6.7
(5.5–9.0)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
0.67
(0.48–0.96)
Non-squamous, not otherwise specified (N=252)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
8.6
(6.8–10.2)
9.2
(8.1–10.6)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
1.08
(0.81–1.45)
Squamous Cell (N=473)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.4
(8.4–10.2)
10.8
(9.5–12.1)
  HR*,
  (95% CI)
1.23
(1.00–1.51)

Figure 2

Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Non-squamous NSCLC in Study JMDB

Figure 3

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Squamous NSCLC in Study JMDB

Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Non-Pemetrexed Containing Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

The efficacy of pemetrexed as maintenance therapy following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy was evaluated in Study JMEN (NCT00102804), a multicenter, randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in 663 patients with Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC who did not progress after four cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days or placebo until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Patients in both study arms received folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. Randomization was carried out using a minimization approach [Pocock and Simon (1975)] using the following factors: gender, ECOG PS (0 versus 1), response to prior chemotherapy (complete or partial response versus stable disease), history of brain metastases (yes versus no), non-platinum component of induction therapy (docetaxel versus gemcitabine versus paclitaxel), and disease stage (IIIb versus IV). The major efficacy outcome measures were progression-free survival based on assessment by independent review and overall survival; both were measured from the date of randomization in Study JMEN.

A total of 663 patients were enrolled with 441 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 222 patients randomized to placebo. The median age was 61 years (range 26–83 years); 73% were male; 65% were White, 32% were Asian, 2.9% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 60% had an ECOG PS of 1; and 73% were current or former smokers. Median time from initiation of platinum-based chemotherapy to randomization was 3.3 months (range 1.6 to 5.1 months) and 49% of the population achieved a partial or complete response to first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. With regard to tumor characteristics, 81% had Stage IV disease, 73% had non-squamous NSCLC and 27% had squamous NSCLC. Among the 481 patients with non-squamous NSCLC, 68% had adenocarcinoma, 4% had large cell, and 28% had other histologies.

Efficacy results are presented in Table 11 and Figure 4.

Table 11: Efficacy Results in Study JMEN
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexedPlacebo
Overall survivalN=441N=222
*
Hazard ratios are adjusted for multiplicity but not for stratification variables.
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
13.4
(11.9–15.9)
10.6
(8.7–12.0)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.79
(0.65–0.95)
  p-valuep=0.012
Progression-free survival per independent reviewN=387N=194
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
4.0
(3.1–4.4)
2.0
(1.5–2.8)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.60
(0.49–0.73)
p-valuep<0.00001

Figure 4

Figure 4: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMEN

The results of pre-specified subgroup analyses by NSCLC histology are presented in Table 12 and Figures 5 and 6.

Table 12: Efficacy Results in Study JMEN by Histologic Subgroup
Efficacy ParameterOverall SurvivalProgression-Free Survival Per Independent Review
Pemetrexed
(N=441)
Placebo
(N=222)
Pemetrexed
(N=387)
Placebo
(N=194)
*
Hazard ratios are not adjusted for multiplicity
Primary diagnosis of NSCLC not specified as adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma.
Non-squamous NSCLC (n=481)
  Median (months)15.510.34.41.8
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.70
(0.56–0.88)
0.47
(0.37–0.60)
Adenocarcinoma (n=328)
  Median (months)16.811.54.62.7
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.73
(0.56–0.96)
0.51
(0.38–0.68)
Large cell carcinoma (n=20)
  Median (months)8.47.94.51.5
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.98
(0.36–2.65)
0.40
(0.12–1.29)
Other (n=133)
  Median (months)11.37.74.11.6
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.61
(0.40–0.94)
0.44
(0.28–0.68)
Squamous cell NSCLC (n=182)
  Median (months)9.910.82.42.5
  HR*
  (95% CI)
1.07
(0.77–1.50)
1.03
(0.71–1.49)

Figure 5

Figure 5: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Non-squamous NSCLC in Study JMEN

Figure 6

Figure 6: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Squamous NSCLC in Study JMEN

Maintenance Treatment Following First-line Pemetrexed Plus Platinum Chemotherapy

The efficacy of pemetrexed as maintenance therapy following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy was also evaluated in PARAMOUNT (NCT00789373), a multi-center, randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in patients with Stage IIIb/IV non-squamous NSCLC who had completed four cycles of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin and achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD). Patients were required to have an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days or placebo until disease progression. Randomization was stratified by response to pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin induction therapy (CR or PR versus SD), disease stage (IIIb versus IV), and ECOG PS (0 versus 1). Patients in both arms received folic acid, vitamin B12, and dexamethasone. The main efficacy outcome measure was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and an additional efficacy outcome measure was overall survival (OS); PFS and OS were measured from the time of randomization.

A total of 539 patients were enrolled with 359 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 180 patients randomized to placebo. The median age was 61 years (range 32 to 83 years); 58% were male; 95% were White, 4.5% were Asian, and <1% were Black or African American; 67% had an ECOG PS of 1; 78% were current or former smokers; and 43% of the population achieved a partial or complete response to first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. With regard to tumor characteristics, 91% had Stage IV disease, 87% had adenocarcinoma, 7% had large cell, and 6% had other histologies.

Efficacy results for PARAMOUNT are presented in Table 13 and Figure 7.

Table 13: Efficacy Results in PARAMOUNT
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexed
(N=359)
Placebo
(N=180)
*
Hazard ratios are adjusted for multiplicity but not for stratification variables.
Based on investigator's assessment.
Overall survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
13.9
(12.8–16.0)
11.0
(10.0–12.5)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*
  (95% CI)
0.78
(0.64–0.96)
  p-valuep=0.02
Progression-free survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
4.1
(3.2–4.6)
2.8
(2.6–3.1)
  Hazard ratio (HR)*
  (95% CI)
0.62
(0.49–0.79)
  p-valuep<0.0001

Figure 7

Figure 7: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in PARAMOUNT

Treatment of Recurrent Disease After Prior Chemotherapy

The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMEI (NCT00004881), a multicenter, randomized (1:1), open-label study conducted in patients with Stage III or IV NSCLC that had recurred or progressed following one prior chemotherapy regimen for advanced disease. Patients were randomized to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously or docetaxel 75 mg/m2 as a 1-hour intravenous infusion once every 21 days. Patients randomized to pemetrexed also received folic acid and vitamin B12. The study was designed to show that overall survival with pemetrexed was non-inferior to docetaxel, as the major efficacy outcome measure, and that overall survival was superior for patients randomized to pemetrexed compared to docetaxel, as a secondary outcome measure.

A total of 571 patients were enrolled with 283 patients randomized to pemetrexed and 288 patients randomized to docetaxel. The median age was 58 years (range 22 to 87 years); 72% were male; 71% were White, 24% were Asian, 2.8% were Black or African American, 1.8% were Hispanic or Latino, and <2% were other ethnicities; 88% had an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. With regard to tumor characteristics, 75% had Stage IV disease; 53% had adenocarcinoma, 30% had squamous histology; 8% large cell; and 9% had other histologic subtypes of NSCLC.

The efficacy results in the overall population and in subgroup analyses based on histologic subtype are provided in Tables 14 and 15, respectively. Study JMEI did not show an improvement in overall survival in the intent-to-treat population. In subgroup analyses, there was no evidence of a treatment effect on survival in patients with squamous NSCLC; the absence of a treatment effect in patients with NSCLC of squamous histology was also observed in Studies JMDB and JMEN [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

Table 14: Efficacy Results in Study JMEI
Efficacy ParameterPemetrexed
(N=283)
Docetaxel
(N=288)
*
Hazard ratios are not adjusted for multiplicity or for stratification variables.
Overall survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
8.3
(7.0–9.4)
7.9
(6.3–9.2)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.99
(0.82–1.20)
Progression-free survival
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
2.9
(2.4–3.1)
2.9
(2.7–3.4)
  Hazard ratio*
  (95% CI)
0.97
(0.82–1.16)
Overall response rate
  (95% CI)
8.5%
(5.2–11.7)
8.3%
(5.1–11.5)
Table 15: Exploratory Efficacy Analyses by Histologic Subgroup in Study JMEI
Histologic SubgroupsPemetrexed
(N=283)
Docetaxel
(N=288)
*
Hazard ratio unadjusted for multiple comparisons.
Primary diagnosis of NSCLC not specified as adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma.
Non-squamous NSCLC (N=399)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.3
(7.8–9.7)
8.0
(6.3–9.3)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.89
(0.71–1.13)
Adenocarcinoma (N=301)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.0
(7.6–9.6)
9.2
(7.5–11.3)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
1.09
(0.83–1.44)
Large Cell (N=47)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
12.8
(5.8–14.0)
4.5
(2.3–9.1)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.38
(0.18–0.78)
Other (N=51)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
9.4
(6.0–10.1)
7.9
(4.0–8.9)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
0.62
(0.32–1.23)
Squamous NSCLC (N=172)
  Median (months)
  (95% CI)
6.2
(4.9–8.0)
7.4
(5.6–9.5)
  HR*
  (95% CI)
1.32
(0.93–1.86)

14.2 Mesothelioma

The efficacy of pemetrexed was evaluated in Study JMCH (NCT00005636), a multicenter, randomized (1:1), single-blind study conducted in patients with MPM who had received no prior chemotherapy. Patients were randomized (n=456) to receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 intravenously over 10 minutes followed 30 minutes later by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously over two hours on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle or to receive cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously over 2 hours on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle; treatment continued until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The study was modified after randomization and treatment of 117 patients to require that all patients receive folic acid 350 mcg to 1000 mcg daily beginning 1 to 3 weeks prior to the first dose of pemetrexed and continuing until 1 to 3 weeks after the last dose, vitamin B12 1000 mcg intramuscularly 1 to 3 weeks prior to first dose of pemetrexed and every 9 weeks thereafter, and dexamethasone 4 mg orally, twice daily, for 3 days starting the day prior to each pemetrexed dose. Randomization was stratified by multiple baseline variables including KPS, histologic subtype (epithelial, mixed, sarcomatoid, other), and gender. The major efficacy outcome measure was overall survival and additional efficacy outcome measures were time to disease progression, overall response rate, and response duration.

A total of 448 patients received at least one dose of protocol-specified therapy; 226 patients were randomized to and received at least one dose of pemetrexed plus cisplatin, and 222 patients were randomized to and received cisplatin. Among the 226 patients who received cisplatin with pemetrexed, 74% received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12 during study therapy, 14% were never supplemented, and 12% were partially supplemented. Across the study population, the median age was 61 years (range: 20 to 86 years); 81% were male; 92% were White, 5% were Hispanic or Latino, 3.1% were Asian, and <1% were other ethnicities; and 54% had a baseline KPS score of 90–100% and 46% had a KPS score of 70–80%. With regard to tumor characteristics, 46% had Stage IV disease, 31% Stage III, 15% Stage II, and 7% Stage I disease at baseline; the histologic subtype of mesothelioma was epithelial in 68% of patients, mixed in 16%, sarcomatoid in 10% and other histologic subtypes in 6%. The baseline demographics and tumor characteristics of the subgroup of fully supplemented patients was similar to the overall study population.

The efficacy results from Study JMCH are summarized in Table 16 and Figure 8.

Table 16: Efficacy Results in Study JMCH
Efficacy ParameterAll Randomized and Treated Patients
(N=448)
Fully Supplemented Patients
(N=331)
Pemetrexed/Cisplatin
(N=226)
Cisplatin
(N=222)
Pemetrexed/Cisplatin
(N=168)
Cisplatin
(N=163)
*
Hazard ratios are not adjusted for stratification variables.
Not a pre-specified analysis.
Median overall survival
(months)
12.19.313.310.0
(95% CI)(10.0–14.4)(7.8–10.7)(11.4–14.9)(8.4–11.9)
Hazard ratio*0.770.75
Log rank p-value0.020NA

Figure 8

Figure 8: Kaplan-Meier Curves for Overall Survival in Study JMCH

Based upon prospectively defined criteria (modified Southwest Oncology Group methodology) the objective tumor response rate for pemetrexed plus cisplatin was greater than the objective tumor response rate for cisplatin alone. There was also improvement in lung function (forced vital capacity) in the pemetrexed plus cisplatin arm compared to the control arm.

References

15 REFERENCES

  1. OSHA Hazardous Drugs. OSHA. [http://www.osha.gov/hazardous-drugs]

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

How Supplied

Pemetrexed for Injection is a white-to-light yellow or green-yellow lyophilized powder supplied in single-dose vials for reconstitution for intravenous infusion.

Unit of SalePresentation
NDC 0409-1060-01
Carton containing one (1) single-dose vial
100 mg vial
NDC 0409-1061-01
Carton containing one (1) single-dose vial
500 mg vial
NDC 0409-1062-01
Carton containing one (1) single-dose vial
1 gram vial

Storage and Handling

Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Pemetrexed for Injection is a hazardous drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.1

Medication Guide

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).

Premedication and Concomitant Medication: Instruct patients to take folic acid as directed and to keep appointments for vitamin B12 injections to reduce the risk of treatment-related toxicity. Instruct patients of the requirement to take corticosteroids to reduce the risks of treatment-related toxicity [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Myelosuppression: Inform patients of the risk of low blood cell counts and instruct them to immediately contact their physician for signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or symptoms of anemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Renal Failure: Inform patients of the risks of renal failure, which may be exacerbated in patients with dehydration arising from severe vomiting or diarrhea. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for a decrease in urine output [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Bullous and Exfoliative Skin Disorders: Inform patients of the risks of severe and exfoliative skin disorders. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of bullous lesions or exfoliation in the skin or mucous membranes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Interstitial Pneumonitis: Inform patients of the risks of pneumonitis. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of dyspnea or persistent cough [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Radiation Recall: Inform patients who have received prior radiation of the risks of radiation recall. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of inflammation or blisters in an area that was previously irradiated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Increased Risk of Toxicity with Ibuprofen in Patients with Renal Impairment: Advise patients with mild to moderate renal impairment of the risks associated with concomitant ibuprofen use and instruct them to avoid use of all ibuprofen containing products for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of Pemetrexed for Injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.5), Warnings and Precautions (5.6), and Drug Interactions (7)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Advise females of reproductive potential and males with female partners of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose. Advise females to inform their prescriber of a known or suspected pregnancy. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 1 week after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

PATIENT INFORMATION
PEMETREXED (peh-meh-TREX-ed) FOR INJECTION
for intravenous use
This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Issued: June 2022            
What is Pemetrexed for Injection?
Pemetrexed for Injection is a prescription medicine used to treat:
  • a kind of lung cancer called non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Pemetrexed for Injection is used:
    • as the first treatment in combination with cisplatin when your lung cancer has spread (advanced NSCLC).
    • alone as maintenance treatment after you have received 4 cycles of chemotherapy that contains platinum for first treatment of your advanced NSCLC and your cancer has not progressed.
    • alone when your lung cancer has returned or spread after prior chemotherapy.
    Pemtrexed for Injection is not for use for the treatment of people with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer.
  • a kind of cancer called malignant pleural mesothelioma. This cancer affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Pemetrexed for Injection is used in combination with cisplatin as the first treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma that cannot be removed by surgery or you are not able to have surgery.
Pemetrexed for Injection has not been shown to be safe and effective in children.
Do not take Pemetrexed for Injection if you have had a severe allergic reaction to any medicine that contains pemetrexed.
Before taking Pemetrexed for Injection, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have kidney problems.
  • have had radiation therapy.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Pemetrexed for Injection can harm your unborn baby.
    Females who are able to become pregnant:
    Your healthcare provider will check to see if you are pregnant before you start treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
    You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
    Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Pemetrexed for Injection passes into breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 1 week after the last dose.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have kidney problems and take a medicine that contains ibuprofen. You should avoid taking ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days after receiving treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
How is Pemetrexed for Injection given?
  • It is very important to take folic acid and vitamin B12 during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection to lower your risk of harmful side effects.
    • Take folic acid exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider 1 time a day, beginning 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and continue taking folic acid until 21 days (3 weeks) after your last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection.
    • Your healthcare provider will give you vitamin B12 injections during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. You will get your first vitamin B12 injection 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, and then every 3 cycles.
  • Your healthcare provider will prescribe a medicine called corticosteroid for you to take 2 times a day for 3 days, beginning the day before each treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Pemetrexed for Injection is given to you by intravenous (IV) infusion into your vein. The infusion is given over 10 minutes.
  • Pemetrexed for Injection is usually given once every 21 days (3 weeks).
What are the possible side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection?
Pemetrexed for Injection can cause serious side effects, including:
  • Low blood cell counts. Low blood cell counts can be severe, including low white blood cell counts (neutropenia), low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), and low red blood cell counts (anemia). Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood cell counts regularly during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or severe tiredness during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Kidney problems, including kidney failure. Pemetrexed for Injection can cause severe kidney problems that can lead to death. Severe vomiting or diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids (dehydration) which may cause kidney problems to become worse. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a decrease in amount of urine.
  • Severe skin reactions. Severe skin reactions that may lead to death can happen with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop blisters, skin sores, skin peeling, or painful sores, or ulcers in your mouth, nose, throat or genital area.
  • Lung problems (pneumonitis). Pemetrexed for Injection can cause serious lung problems that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any new or worsening symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, or fever.
  • Radiation recall. Radiation recall is a skin reaction that can happen in people who have received radiation treatment in the past and are treated with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider if you get swelling, blistering, or a rash that looks like a sunburn in an area that was previously treated with radiation.
The most common side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection when given alone are:
  • tiredness
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
The most common side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection when given with cisplatin are:
  • vomiting
  • swelling or sores in your mouth or sore throat
  • constipation
  • low white blood cell counts (neutropenia)
  • low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia)
  • low red blood cell counts (anemia)
Pemetrexed for Injection may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. It is not known if these effects are reversible. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.
Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check for side effects during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, delay treatment, or stop treatment if you have certain side effects.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800- FDA-1088.
General information about the safe and effective use of Pemetrexed for Injection.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet.
You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Pemetrexed for Injection that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Pemetrexed for Injection?
Active ingredient: pemetrexed
Inactive ingredient: mannitol

Logo

Manufactured by: Zydus Hospira Oncology Private Ltd.
Ahmedabad 382-213, Gujarat, India

Distributed by: Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA
LAB-1264-1.0
For more information, go to www.pfizer.com or call 1-800-438-1985.

Other

This product's labeling may have been updated. For most recent prescribing information, please visit www.pfizer.com.

Manufactured by: Zydus Hospira Oncology Private Ltd.
Ahmedabad 382-213, Gujarat, India

Distributed by: Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA

Logo

LAB-1263-1.0

Medication Guide

What is Pemetrexed for Injection?

What is Pemetrexed for Injection?

  • a kind of lung cancer called non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Pemetrexed for Injection is used:
    • as the first treatment in combination with cisplatin when your lung cancer has spread (advanced NSCLC).
    • alone as maintenance treatment after you have received 4 cycles of chemotherapy that contains platinum for first treatment of your advanced NSCLC and your cancer has not progressed.
    • alone when your lung cancer has returned or spread after prior chemotherapy.
    Pemtrexed for Injection is not for use for the treatment of people with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer.
  • a kind of cancer called malignant pleural mesothelioma. This cancer affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Pemetrexed for Injection is used in combination with cisplatin as the first treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma that cannot be removed by surgery or you are not able to have surgery.
Do not take Pemetrexed for Injection if you have had a severe allergic reaction to any medicine that contains pemetrexed.Before taking Pemetrexed for Injection, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have kidney problems.
  • have had radiation therapy.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Pemetrexed for Injection can harm your unborn baby.
    Females who are able to become pregnant:
    Your healthcare provider will check to see if you are pregnant before you start treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
    You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
    Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Pemetrexed for Injection passes into breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 1 week after the last dose.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have kidney problems and take a medicine that contains ibuprofen. You should avoid taking ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days after receiving treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.

How is Pemetrexed for Injection given?

How is Pemetrexed for Injection given?

  • It is very important to take folic acid and vitamin B12 during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection to lower your risk of harmful side effects.
    • Take folic acid exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider 1 time a day, beginning 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and continue taking folic acid until 21 days (3 weeks) after your last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection.
    • Your healthcare provider will give you vitamin B12 injections during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. You will get your first vitamin B12 injection 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, and then every 3 cycles.
  • Your healthcare provider will prescribe a medicine called corticosteroid for you to take 2 times a day for 3 days, beginning the day before each treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Pemetrexed for Injection is given to you by intravenous (IV) infusion into your vein. The infusion is given over 10 minutes.
  • Pemetrexed for Injection is usually given once every 21 days (3 weeks).

What are the possible side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection?

What are the possible side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection?

  • Low blood cell counts. Low blood cell counts can be severe, including low white blood cell counts (neutropenia), low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), and low red blood cell counts (anemia). Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood cell counts regularly during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or severe tiredness during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Kidney problems, including kidney failure. Pemetrexed for Injection can cause severe kidney problems that can lead to death. Severe vomiting or diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids (dehydration) which may cause kidney problems to become worse. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a decrease in amount of urine.
  • Severe skin reactions. Severe skin reactions that may lead to death can happen with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop blisters, skin sores, skin peeling, or painful sores, or ulcers in your mouth, nose, throat or genital area.
  • Lung problems (pneumonitis). Pemetrexed for Injection can cause serious lung problems that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any new or worsening symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, or fever.
  • Radiation recall. Radiation recall is a skin reaction that can happen in people who have received radiation treatment in the past and are treated with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider if you get swelling, blistering, or a rash that looks like a sunburn in an area that was previously treated with radiation.
The most common side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection when given alone are:
  • tiredness
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
The most common side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection when given with cisplatin are:
  • vomiting
  • swelling or sores in your mouth or sore throat
  • constipation
  • low white blood cell counts (neutropenia)
  • low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia)
  • low red blood cell counts (anemia)
Pemetrexed for Injection may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. It is not known if these effects are reversible. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.
Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check for side effects during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, delay treatment, or stop treatment if you have certain side effects.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800- FDA-1088.

General information about the safe and effective use of Pemetrexed for Injection.

General information about the safe and effective use of Pemetrexed for Injection.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet.

You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Pemetrexed for Injection that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in Pemetrexed for Injection?

What are the ingredients in Pemetrexed for Injection?

Active ingredient:Inactive ingredient:

Logo

Full Patient Information

Full Patient Information

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).

Premedication and Concomitant Medication: Instruct patients to take folic acid as directed and to keep appointments for vitamin B12 injections to reduce the risk of treatment-related toxicity. Instruct patients of the requirement to take corticosteroids to reduce the risks of treatment-related toxicity [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Myelosuppression: Inform patients of the risk of low blood cell counts and instruct them to immediately contact their physician for signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or symptoms of anemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Renal Failure: Inform patients of the risks of renal failure, which may be exacerbated in patients with dehydration arising from severe vomiting or diarrhea. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for a decrease in urine output [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Bullous and Exfoliative Skin Disorders: Inform patients of the risks of severe and exfoliative skin disorders. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of bullous lesions or exfoliation in the skin or mucous membranes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Interstitial Pneumonitis: Inform patients of the risks of pneumonitis. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of dyspnea or persistent cough [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Radiation Recall: Inform patients who have received prior radiation of the risks of radiation recall. Instruct patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for development of inflammation or blisters in an area that was previously irradiated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Increased Risk of Toxicity with Ibuprofen in Patients with Renal Impairment: Advise patients with mild to moderate renal impairment of the risks associated with concomitant ibuprofen use and instruct them to avoid use of all ibuprofen containing products for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of Pemetrexed for Injection [see Dosage and Administration (2.5), Warnings and Precautions (5.6), and Drug Interactions (7)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Advise females of reproductive potential and males with female partners of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose. Advise females to inform their prescriber of a known or suspected pregnancy. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 1 week after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

PATIENT INFORMATION
PEMETREXED (peh-meh-TREX-ed) FOR INJECTION
for intravenous use
This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Issued: June 2022            
What is Pemetrexed for Injection?
Pemetrexed for Injection is a prescription medicine used to treat:
  • a kind of lung cancer called non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Pemetrexed for Injection is used:
    • as the first treatment in combination with cisplatin when your lung cancer has spread (advanced NSCLC).
    • alone as maintenance treatment after you have received 4 cycles of chemotherapy that contains platinum for first treatment of your advanced NSCLC and your cancer has not progressed.
    • alone when your lung cancer has returned or spread after prior chemotherapy.
    Pemtrexed for Injection is not for use for the treatment of people with squamous cell, non-small cell lung cancer.
  • a kind of cancer called malignant pleural mesothelioma. This cancer affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Pemetrexed for Injection is used in combination with cisplatin as the first treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma that cannot be removed by surgery or you are not able to have surgery.
Pemetrexed for Injection has not been shown to be safe and effective in children.
Do not take Pemetrexed for Injection if you have had a severe allergic reaction to any medicine that contains pemetrexed.
Before taking Pemetrexed for Injection, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have kidney problems.
  • have had radiation therapy.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Pemetrexed for Injection can harm your unborn baby.
    Females who are able to become pregnant:
    Your healthcare provider will check to see if you are pregnant before you start treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
    You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 6 months after the last dose. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
    Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 3 months after the last dose.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Pemetrexed for Injection passes into breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection and for 1 week after the last dose.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have kidney problems and take a medicine that contains ibuprofen. You should avoid taking ibuprofen for 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days after receiving treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
How is Pemetrexed for Injection given?
  • It is very important to take folic acid and vitamin B12 during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection to lower your risk of harmful side effects.
    • Take folic acid exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider 1 time a day, beginning 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection and continue taking folic acid until 21 days (3 weeks) after your last dose of Pemetrexed for Injection.
    • Your healthcare provider will give you vitamin B12 injections during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. You will get your first vitamin B12 injection 7 days (1 week) before your first dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, and then every 3 cycles.
  • Your healthcare provider will prescribe a medicine called corticosteroid for you to take 2 times a day for 3 days, beginning the day before each treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Pemetrexed for Injection is given to you by intravenous (IV) infusion into your vein. The infusion is given over 10 minutes.
  • Pemetrexed for Injection is usually given once every 21 days (3 weeks).
What are the possible side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection?
Pemetrexed for Injection can cause serious side effects, including:
  • Low blood cell counts. Low blood cell counts can be severe, including low white blood cell counts (neutropenia), low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), and low red blood cell counts (anemia). Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood cell counts regularly during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any signs of infection, fever, bleeding, or severe tiredness during your treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection.
  • Kidney problems, including kidney failure. Pemetrexed for Injection can cause severe kidney problems that can lead to death. Severe vomiting or diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids (dehydration) which may cause kidney problems to become worse. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a decrease in amount of urine.
  • Severe skin reactions. Severe skin reactions that may lead to death can happen with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop blisters, skin sores, skin peeling, or painful sores, or ulcers in your mouth, nose, throat or genital area.
  • Lung problems (pneumonitis). Pemetrexed for Injection can cause serious lung problems that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any new or worsening symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, or fever.
  • Radiation recall. Radiation recall is a skin reaction that can happen in people who have received radiation treatment in the past and are treated with Pemetrexed for Injection. Tell your healthcare provider if you get swelling, blistering, or a rash that looks like a sunburn in an area that was previously treated with radiation.
The most common side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection when given alone are:
  • tiredness
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
The most common side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection when given with cisplatin are:
  • vomiting
  • swelling or sores in your mouth or sore throat
  • constipation
  • low white blood cell counts (neutropenia)
  • low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia)
  • low red blood cell counts (anemia)
Pemetrexed for Injection may cause fertility problems in males. This may affect your ability to father a child. It is not known if these effects are reversible. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.
Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check for side effects during treatment with Pemetrexed for Injection. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of Pemetrexed for Injection, delay treatment, or stop treatment if you have certain side effects.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the side effects of Pemetrexed for Injection. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800- FDA-1088.
General information about the safe and effective use of Pemetrexed for Injection.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet.
You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Pemetrexed for Injection that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Pemetrexed for Injection?
Active ingredient: pemetrexed
Inactive ingredient: mannitol

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Manufactured by: Zydus Hospira Oncology Private Ltd.
Ahmedabad 382-213, Gujarat, India

Distributed by: Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA
LAB-1264-1.0
For more information, go to www.pfizer.com or call 1-800-438-1985.

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Pfizer Safety

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FDA Medwatch

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