NGENLA® Clinical Pharmacology

(somatrogon-ghla)

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Somatrogon-ghla binds to the GH receptor and initiates a signal transduction cascade culminating in changes in growth and metabolism. Somatrogon-ghla binding leads to activation of the STAT5b signaling pathway and increases the serum concentration of Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1). GH and IGF-1 stimulate metabolic changes, linear growth, and enhance growth velocity in pediatric patients with GHD.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Following single dose administration of somatrogon, dose-dependent increases in IGF-1 response were observed.

Following multiple dosing, IGF-1 SDS levels were in the normal range for pediatric patients with GHD, similar to daily somatropin. IGF-1 levels peak approximately 2 days (48 hours) post-dose, with the average weekly IGF-1 occurring approximately 4 days post-dose.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Somatrogon-ghla pharmacokinetics (PK) was assessed using a population PK approach for NGENLA in 151 pediatric patients (aged 3 to 15.5 years) with GHD.

Absorption

Following subcutaneous injection, serum concentrations increased slowly, peaking 6 to 25 hours with a median of 11 hours after dosing.

In pediatric patients with GHD, somatrogon-ghla exposure increases in a dose-proportional manner for doses of 0.25 mg/kg/wk, 0.48 mg/kg/wk, and 0.66 mg/kg/wk. There is no accumulation of somatrogon-ghla after once weekly administration. In pediatric patients with GHD, the mean population PK estimated steady-state peak concentrations (mean ± SD) following 0.66 mg/kg/wk was 495 ± 90 ng/mL.

Distribution

In pediatric patients with GHD, the mean population PK estimated apparent central volume of distribution was 0.342 L/kg and apparent peripheral volume of distribution was 0.671 L/kg.

Elimination

In pediatric patients with GHD, the mean population PK estimated apparent clearance was 0.0398 L/h/kg. The mean population PK estimated effective half-life was 37.7 hours, which allows for weekly dosing. Somatrogon-ghla will be present in the circulation for about 8 days after the last dose.

Metabolism

The metabolism of somatrogon-ghla is believed to be classical protein catabolism, with subsequent recovery of the amino acids and return to the systemic circulation.

Excretion

Excretion was not evaluated in clinical studies.

Specific Populations

Based on population PK analyses, age, sex, race, and ethnicity do not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of somatrogon-ghla in pediatric patients with GHD. The exposure of somatrogon-ghla decreases with an increase in body weight. However, the somatrogon-ghla dosing regimen of 0.66 mg/kg/wk provides adequate systemic exposure over the body weight range of 10 to 54 kg evaluated in the clinical studies.

Renal or Hepatic Impairment

NGENLA has not been studied in patients with hepatic or renal impairment.

12.6 Immunogenicity

The observed incidence of anti-drug antibodies is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Differences in assay methods preclude meaningful comparisons of the incidence of anti-drug antibodies in the studies described below with the incidence of anti-drug antibodies in other studies, including those of somatrogon or other growth hormone products.

During the 12-month main period of study NCT 02968004, 84/109 (77.1%) of somatrogon-ghla‑treated patients tested positive for anti-drug antibodies, with most showing specificity to human growth hormone. The anti-drug antibodies persisted in most of the subjects during the study. Neutralizing antibodies developed in 8/217 (3.7%) of somatrogon-ghla-treated patients during the study for up to 42 months of exposure to somatrogon-ghla. The neutralizing antibodies were transient in all subjects. Anti-drug antibodies, including neutralizing-antibodies, did not appear to have a clinically significant impact on the safety or effectiveness of NGENLA during the 12‑month randomized treatment period. Additionally, no apparent effect of anti-drug antibodies on growth was observed for additional 30 months of exposure to somatrogon-ghla in the uncontrolled extension period of study NCT 02968004.

Anti-Drug Antibody Effects on Pharmacokinetics

The population pharmacokinetic analysis of data from study NCT 02968004 showed that patients who tested positive for anti-drug antibodies had an approximately 26% decrease in apparent clearance. These anti-drug antibody-associated pharmacokinetic changes are not considered to be clinically significant.

Find NGENLA® medical information:

Find NGENLA® medical information:

Our scientific content is evidence-based, scientifically balanced and non-promotional. It undergoes rigorous internal medical review and is updated regularly to reflect new information.

NGENLA® Quick Finder

Prescribing Information
Download Prescribing Information

Health Professional Information

Clinical Pharmacology

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Somatrogon-ghla binds to the GH receptor and initiates a signal transduction cascade culminating in changes in growth and metabolism. Somatrogon-ghla binding leads to activation of the STAT5b signaling pathway and increases the serum concentration of Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1). GH and IGF-1 stimulate metabolic changes, linear growth, and enhance growth velocity in pediatric patients with GHD.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Following single dose administration of somatrogon, dose-dependent increases in IGF-1 response were observed.

Following multiple dosing, IGF-1 SDS levels were in the normal range for pediatric patients with GHD, similar to daily somatropin. IGF-1 levels peak approximately 2 days (48 hours) post-dose, with the average weekly IGF-1 occurring approximately 4 days post-dose.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Somatrogon-ghla pharmacokinetics (PK) was assessed using a population PK approach for NGENLA in 151 pediatric patients (aged 3 to 15.5 years) with GHD.

Absorption

Following subcutaneous injection, serum concentrations increased slowly, peaking 6 to 25 hours with a median of 11 hours after dosing.

In pediatric patients with GHD, somatrogon-ghla exposure increases in a dose-proportional manner for doses of 0.25 mg/kg/wk, 0.48 mg/kg/wk, and 0.66 mg/kg/wk. There is no accumulation of somatrogon-ghla after once weekly administration. In pediatric patients with GHD, the mean population PK estimated steady-state peak concentrations (mean ± SD) following 0.66 mg/kg/wk was 495 ± 90 ng/mL.

Distribution

In pediatric patients with GHD, the mean population PK estimated apparent central volume of distribution was 0.342 L/kg and apparent peripheral volume of distribution was 0.671 L/kg.

Elimination

In pediatric patients with GHD, the mean population PK estimated apparent clearance was 0.0398 L/h/kg. The mean population PK estimated effective half-life was 37.7 hours, which allows for weekly dosing. Somatrogon-ghla will be present in the circulation for about 8 days after the last dose.

Metabolism

The metabolism of somatrogon-ghla is believed to be classical protein catabolism, with subsequent recovery of the amino acids and return to the systemic circulation.

Excretion

Excretion was not evaluated in clinical studies.

Specific Populations

Based on population PK analyses, age, sex, race, and ethnicity do not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of somatrogon-ghla in pediatric patients with GHD. The exposure of somatrogon-ghla decreases with an increase in body weight. However, the somatrogon-ghla dosing regimen of 0.66 mg/kg/wk provides adequate systemic exposure over the body weight range of 10 to 54 kg evaluated in the clinical studies.

Renal or Hepatic Impairment

NGENLA has not been studied in patients with hepatic or renal impairment.

12.6 Immunogenicity

The observed incidence of anti-drug antibodies is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Differences in assay methods preclude meaningful comparisons of the incidence of anti-drug antibodies in the studies described below with the incidence of anti-drug antibodies in other studies, including those of somatrogon or other growth hormone products.

During the 12-month main period of study NCT 02968004, 84/109 (77.1%) of somatrogon-ghla‑treated patients tested positive for anti-drug antibodies, with most showing specificity to human growth hormone. The anti-drug antibodies persisted in most of the subjects during the study. Neutralizing antibodies developed in 8/217 (3.7%) of somatrogon-ghla-treated patients during the study for up to 42 months of exposure to somatrogon-ghla. The neutralizing antibodies were transient in all subjects. Anti-drug antibodies, including neutralizing-antibodies, did not appear to have a clinically significant impact on the safety or effectiveness of NGENLA during the 12‑month randomized treatment period. Additionally, no apparent effect of anti-drug antibodies on growth was observed for additional 30 months of exposure to somatrogon-ghla in the uncontrolled extension period of study NCT 02968004.

Anti-Drug Antibody Effects on Pharmacokinetics

The population pharmacokinetic analysis of data from study NCT 02968004 showed that patients who tested positive for anti-drug antibodies had an approximately 26% decrease in apparent clearance. These anti-drug antibody-associated pharmacokinetic changes are not considered to be clinically significant.

Medication Guide

Health Professional Information

{{section_name_patient}}

{{section_body_html_patient}}

Resources

Didn’t find what you were looking for? Contact us.

MI Digital Assistant

Chat online with Pfizer Medical Information regarding your inquiry on a Pfizer medicine.

Call 800-438-1985*

*Speak with a Pfizer Medical Information Professional regarding your medical inquiry. Available 9AM-5Pm ET Monday to Friday; excluding holidays.

Medical Inquiry

Submit a medical question for Pfizer prescription products.

Report Adverse Event

Pfizer Safety

To report an adverse event related to the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, and you are not part of a clinical trial* for this product, click the link below to submit your information:

Pfizer Safety Reporting Site

*If you are involved in a clinical trial for this product, adverse events should be reported to your coordinating study site.

If you cannot use the above website, or would like to report an adverse event related to a different Pfizer product, please call Pfizer Safety at (800) 438-1985.

FDA Medwatch

You may also contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) directly to report adverse events or product quality concerns either online at www.fda.gov/medwatch or call (800) 822-7967.