VELSIPITY™ Use in Specific Populations

(etrasimod)

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

  

8.1 Pregnancy

  

Pregnancy Exposure Registry

There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in females exposed to VELSIPITY during pregnancy. Pregnant females exposed to VELSIPITY and healthcare providers are encouraged to contact the pregnancy registry by calling 1-800-616-3791.

Risk Summary

Based on findings from animal studies, VELSIPITY may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Available data from reports of pregnancies from the clinical development program with VELSIPITY are insufficient to identify a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage or other adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. There are risks to the mother and the fetus associated with increased disease activity in women with inflammatory bowel disease during pregnancy (see Clinical Considerations).

In animal reproduction studies, administration of etrasimod during organogenesis produced adverse effects on development, including embryolethality and fetal malformations, in both rats and rabbits at maternal exposures 5 and 6 times, respectively, the exposure at the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD). Administration of VELSIPITY to pregnant rats during organogenesis through lactation resulted in decreased pup growth and viability at maternal exposures 5 times the exposure at the MRHD, as well as impaired reproductive performance in first generation offspring, including decreased implantations and increased pre-implantation loss at maternal exposures 24 times the exposure at the MRHD (see Data).

The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk

Published data suggest that the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with inflammatory bowel disease is associated with increased disease activity. Adverse pregnancy outcomes include preterm delivery (before 37 weeks of gestation), low birth weight (less than 2500 g) infants, and small for gestational age at birth.

Data

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rats, etrasimod was orally administered at 1, 2, or 4 mg/kg/day (5, 11, and 21 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison) during the period of organogenesis, from gestation day 6 to 17. No maternal toxicity was observed up to 21 times the exposure at the MRHD. Increased post-implantation loss with a corresponding decrease in the number of viable fetuses was observed at 4 mg/kg/day (21 times the exposure at the MRHD). Etrasimod-related fetal external and/or visceral malformations were noted at all dose levels (≥5 times the exposure at the MRHD).

In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rabbits, etrasimod was orally administered at 2, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day (0.8, 6, and 11 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison) during the period of organogenesis, from gestation day 7 to 20. Increased post-implantation loss with a corresponding decrease in the number of viable fetuses was observed at 10 and 20 mg/kg/day (6 and 11 times the exposure at the MRHD). Etrasimod-related fetal malformations including aortic arch defects and fused sternebrae were noted at 10 and/or 20 mg/kg/day (6 and 11 times the exposure at the MRHD). There were no adverse effects on embryofetal development at 2 mg/kg/day (less than the exposure at the MRHD).

In a pre- and post-natal development study in rats, etrasimod was orally administered at 0.4, 2, or 4 mg/kg/day (2, 10, and 24 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison) throughout pregnancy and lactation, from gestation day 6 through lactation day 20. Mortality during delivery and impaired maternal performance including increased post-implantation loss, increased number of females with stillborn pups, increased number of stillborn pups per litter, decreased viability index, and/or decreased lactation index was observed at 2 and 4 mg/kg/day (10 and 24 times the exposure at the MRHD). Etrasimod was detected in the plasma of F1 offspring, indicating exposure from the milk of the lactating dam. Decreased pup body weights were observed during the preweaning period at all dose levels (maternal exposures ≥2 times the exposure at the MRHD), and decreased pup viability was observed at 2 and 4 mg/kg/day (maternal exposures 10 and 24 times the exposure at the MRHD). Reduced fertility and reproductive performance including reduction in implantations and increased preimplantation loss in F1 offspring occurred at the highest dose tested (maternal exposures 24 times the exposure at the MRHD).

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of etrasimod in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects of the drug on milk production. When etrasimod was orally administered to female rats during pregnancy and lactation, etrasimod was detected in the plasma of the offspring, suggesting excretion of etrasimod in milk.

The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for VELSIPITY and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from VELSIPITY or from the underlying maternal condition.

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Based on animal data, VELSIPITY may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Contraception

Females

Before initiation of VELSIPITY treatment, females of reproductive potential should be counseled on the potential for a serious risk to the fetus and the need for effective contraception during treatment with VELSIPITY and for one week following the last dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of VELSIPITY in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Of the 577 VELSIPITY-treated subjects in the three clinical trials (UC-1, UC-2, and UC-3), 30 subjects (5%) were 65 years of age and older, while 3 subjects (<1%) were 75 years of age and older. Clinical studies of VELSIPITY did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger adult subjects. The pharmacokinetics of etrasimod are similar in subjects 65 years of age and older compared to younger adult subjects [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8.6 Hepatic Impairment

Etrasimod undergoes extensive hepatic metabolism. Exposure to etrasimod was similar in subjects with mild and moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A and B) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function; however, etrasimod exposure was increased in subjects with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Use of VELSIPITY in patients with severe hepatic impairment is not recommended. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment.

8.7 CYP2C9 Poor Metabolizers

Increased exposure of etrasimod in patients who are CYP2C9 poor metabolizers is expected with concomitant use of moderate to strong inhibitors of CYP2C8 or CYP3A4. Concomitant use of VELSIPITY is not recommended in these patients [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3, 12.5)].

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Use in Specific Populations

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

  

8.1 Pregnancy

  

Pregnancy Exposure Registry

There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in females exposed to VELSIPITY during pregnancy. Pregnant females exposed to VELSIPITY and healthcare providers are encouraged to contact the pregnancy registry by calling 1-800-616-3791.

Risk Summary

Based on findings from animal studies, VELSIPITY may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Available data from reports of pregnancies from the clinical development program with VELSIPITY are insufficient to identify a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage or other adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. There are risks to the mother and the fetus associated with increased disease activity in women with inflammatory bowel disease during pregnancy (see Clinical Considerations).

In animal reproduction studies, administration of etrasimod during organogenesis produced adverse effects on development, including embryolethality and fetal malformations, in both rats and rabbits at maternal exposures 5 and 6 times, respectively, the exposure at the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD). Administration of VELSIPITY to pregnant rats during organogenesis through lactation resulted in decreased pup growth and viability at maternal exposures 5 times the exposure at the MRHD, as well as impaired reproductive performance in first generation offspring, including decreased implantations and increased pre-implantation loss at maternal exposures 24 times the exposure at the MRHD (see Data).

The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk

Published data suggest that the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with inflammatory bowel disease is associated with increased disease activity. Adverse pregnancy outcomes include preterm delivery (before 37 weeks of gestation), low birth weight (less than 2500 g) infants, and small for gestational age at birth.

Data

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rats, etrasimod was orally administered at 1, 2, or 4 mg/kg/day (5, 11, and 21 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison) during the period of organogenesis, from gestation day 6 to 17. No maternal toxicity was observed up to 21 times the exposure at the MRHD. Increased post-implantation loss with a corresponding decrease in the number of viable fetuses was observed at 4 mg/kg/day (21 times the exposure at the MRHD). Etrasimod-related fetal external and/or visceral malformations were noted at all dose levels (≥5 times the exposure at the MRHD).

In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rabbits, etrasimod was orally administered at 2, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day (0.8, 6, and 11 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison) during the period of organogenesis, from gestation day 7 to 20. Increased post-implantation loss with a corresponding decrease in the number of viable fetuses was observed at 10 and 20 mg/kg/day (6 and 11 times the exposure at the MRHD). Etrasimod-related fetal malformations including aortic arch defects and fused sternebrae were noted at 10 and/or 20 mg/kg/day (6 and 11 times the exposure at the MRHD). There were no adverse effects on embryofetal development at 2 mg/kg/day (less than the exposure at the MRHD).

In a pre- and post-natal development study in rats, etrasimod was orally administered at 0.4, 2, or 4 mg/kg/day (2, 10, and 24 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison) throughout pregnancy and lactation, from gestation day 6 through lactation day 20. Mortality during delivery and impaired maternal performance including increased post-implantation loss, increased number of females with stillborn pups, increased number of stillborn pups per litter, decreased viability index, and/or decreased lactation index was observed at 2 and 4 mg/kg/day (10 and 24 times the exposure at the MRHD). Etrasimod was detected in the plasma of F1 offspring, indicating exposure from the milk of the lactating dam. Decreased pup body weights were observed during the preweaning period at all dose levels (maternal exposures ≥2 times the exposure at the MRHD), and decreased pup viability was observed at 2 and 4 mg/kg/day (maternal exposures 10 and 24 times the exposure at the MRHD). Reduced fertility and reproductive performance including reduction in implantations and increased preimplantation loss in F1 offspring occurred at the highest dose tested (maternal exposures 24 times the exposure at the MRHD).

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of etrasimod in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects of the drug on milk production. When etrasimod was orally administered to female rats during pregnancy and lactation, etrasimod was detected in the plasma of the offspring, suggesting excretion of etrasimod in milk.

The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for VELSIPITY and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from VELSIPITY or from the underlying maternal condition.

8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Based on animal data, VELSIPITY may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Contraception

Females

Before initiation of VELSIPITY treatment, females of reproductive potential should be counseled on the potential for a serious risk to the fetus and the need for effective contraception during treatment with VELSIPITY and for one week following the last dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of VELSIPITY in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Of the 577 VELSIPITY-treated subjects in the three clinical trials (UC-1, UC-2, and UC-3), 30 subjects (5%) were 65 years of age and older, while 3 subjects (<1%) were 75 years of age and older. Clinical studies of VELSIPITY did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger adult subjects. The pharmacokinetics of etrasimod are similar in subjects 65 years of age and older compared to younger adult subjects [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8.6 Hepatic Impairment

Etrasimod undergoes extensive hepatic metabolism. Exposure to etrasimod was similar in subjects with mild and moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A and B) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function; however, etrasimod exposure was increased in subjects with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Use of VELSIPITY in patients with severe hepatic impairment is not recommended. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment.

8.7 CYP2C9 Poor Metabolizers

Increased exposure of etrasimod in patients who are CYP2C9 poor metabolizers is expected with concomitant use of moderate to strong inhibitors of CYP2C8 or CYP3A4. Concomitant use of VELSIPITY is not recommended in these patients [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3, 12.5)].

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