VELSIPITY™ Nonclinical Toxicology

(etrasimod)

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

  

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

Oral carcinogenicity studies with etrasimod were conducted in mice and rats. In mice administered etrasimod (2, 6, or 20 mg/kg/day) for up to 104 weeks, there was an increase in hemangiosarcoma and hemangioma in males and females at 6 and 20 mg/kg/day (exposures approximately 42 and 121 times, respectively, the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison). In rats, oral administration of etrasimod (2, 6, or 20 mg/kg/day) for up to 91 weeks did not result in an increase in tumors (male and female exposures 80 and 179 times, respectively, the exposure at the MRHD).

Mutagenesis

Etrasimod was negative in a battery of in vitro (Ames, chromosomal aberration in human peripheral blood lymphocytes) and in vivo (rat micronucleus) assays.

Impairment of Fertility

Etrasimod administered orally to male rats at 25, 100, or 200 mg/kg/day from pre-mating through mating had no adverse effects on male fertility at exposures up to 467 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison. Etrasimod administered orally to female rats at 1, 2, or 4 mg/kg/day from pre-mating to implantation had no adverse effects on female fertility at exposures up to 21 times the exposure at the MRHD.

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Nonclinical Toxicology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

  

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

Oral carcinogenicity studies with etrasimod were conducted in mice and rats. In mice administered etrasimod (2, 6, or 20 mg/kg/day) for up to 104 weeks, there was an increase in hemangiosarcoma and hemangioma in males and females at 6 and 20 mg/kg/day (exposures approximately 42 and 121 times, respectively, the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison). In rats, oral administration of etrasimod (2, 6, or 20 mg/kg/day) for up to 91 weeks did not result in an increase in tumors (male and female exposures 80 and 179 times, respectively, the exposure at the MRHD).

Mutagenesis

Etrasimod was negative in a battery of in vitro (Ames, chromosomal aberration in human peripheral blood lymphocytes) and in vivo (rat micronucleus) assays.

Impairment of Fertility

Etrasimod administered orally to male rats at 25, 100, or 200 mg/kg/day from pre-mating through mating had no adverse effects on male fertility at exposures up to 467 times the exposure at the MRHD of 2 mg, based on AUC comparison. Etrasimod administered orally to female rats at 1, 2, or 4 mg/kg/day from pre-mating to implantation had no adverse effects on female fertility at exposures up to 21 times the exposure at the MRHD.

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