5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Drug-induced hepatotoxicity with fatal outcome occurred in 0.1% of the 1719 patients treated with XALKORI across clinical trials [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Concurrent elevations in ALT or AST ≥3 times the ULN and total bilirubin ≥2 times the ULN, with normal alkaline phosphatase, occurred in <1% treated with XALKORI. Increased ALT or AST >5 times the ULN occurred in 11% and 6% of patients, respectively. One percent (1.0%) of patients required permanent discontinuation due to elevated transaminases. Increased transaminases generally occurred within the first 2 months of treatment.
Monitor liver function tests, including ALT, AST, and total bilirubin, every 2 weeks during the first 2 months of treatment, then once a month, and as clinically indicated, with more frequent repeat testing for increased liver transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, or total bilirubin in patients who develop increased transaminases. Withhold, reduce dose, or permanently discontinue XALKORI for hepatotoxicity as recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].
5.2 Interstitial Lung Disease/Pneumonitis
Severe, life-threatening, or fatal interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis can occur in patients treated with XALKORI. Across clinical trials (n=1719), 2.9% of XALKORI-treated patients had ILD of any grade, 1.0% had Grade 3 or 4 ILD, and 0.5% had fatal ILD [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Interstitial lung disease generally occurred within 3 months after the initiation of XALKORI.
Monitor patients for pulmonary symptoms indicative of ILD/pneumonitis. Exclude other potential causes of ILD/pneumonitis, and permanently discontinue XALKORI in patients diagnosed with drug-related ILD/pneumonitis [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].
5.3 QT Interval Prolongation
QTc prolongation can occur in patients treated with XALKORI. Across clinical trials, 2.1% of 1616 patients had QTcF (corrected QT for heart rate by the Fridericia method) greater than or equal to 500 ms and 5% of 1582 patients had an increase from baseline QTcF greater than or equal to 60 ms by automated machine-read evaluation of ECGs.
Avoid use of XALKORI in patients with congenital long QT syndrome. Monitor ECGs and electrolytes in patients with congestive heart failure, bradyarrhythmias, electrolyte abnormalities, or who are taking medications that are known to prolong the QT interval. Withhold, reduce dose, or permanently discontinue XALKORI for QT/QTc interval prolongation as recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].
Symptomatic bradycardia can occur in patients receiving XALKORI. Across clinical trials, bradycardia occurred in 13% of 1719 patients treated with XALKORI. Grade 3 syncope occurred in 2.4% of XALKORI-treated patients and in 0.6% of the chemotherapy-treated patients [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
Avoid using XALKORI in combination with other medications known to cause bradycardia (e.g., beta-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, clonidine, and digoxin) to the extent possible. Monitor heart rate and blood pressure regularly. If bradycardia occurs, re-evaluate for the use of concomitant medications known to cause bradycardia. Withhold, reduce dose, or permanently discontinue XALKORI for bradycardia as recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].
5.5 Severe Visual Loss
Across all clinical trials, the incidence of Grade 4 visual field defect with vision loss was 0.2% of 1719 patients [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Optic atrophy and optic nerve disorder have been reported as potential causes of vision loss.
Discontinue XALKORI in patients with new onset of severe visual loss (best corrected vision less than 20/200 in one or both eyes). Perform an ophthalmological evaluation consisting of best corrected visual acuity, retinal photographs, visual fields, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and other evaluations as appropriate for new onset of severe visual loss. There is insufficient information to characterize the risks of resumption of XALKORI in patients with a severe visual loss; a decision to resume XALKORI should consider the potential benefits to the patient.
5.6 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity
Based on its mechanism of action, XALKORI can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of crizotinib in pregnant rats during organogenesis at exposures similar to those observed with the maximum recommended human dose resulted in embryotoxicity and fetotoxicity. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with XALKORI and for at least 45 days following the final dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use condoms during treatment with XALKORI and for at least 90 days after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].