8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, XALKORI can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no available data on the use of XALKORI during pregnancy. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of crizotinib in pregnant rats during organogenesis at exposures similar to those expected with the maximum recommended human dose resulted in embryotoxicity and fetotoxicity (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to fetus.
In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.
Crizotinib was administered to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis to study the effects on embryo-fetal development. Postimplantation loss was increased at doses ≥50 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.6 times the recommended human dose based on AUC) in rats. No teratogenic effects were observed in rats at doses up to the maternally toxic dose of 200 mg/kg/day (approximately 2.7 times the recommended human dose based on AUC) or in rabbits at doses of up to 60 mg/kg/day (approximately 1.6 times the recommended human dose based on AUC), though fetal body weights were reduced at these doses.
There is no information regarding the presence of crizotinib or its metabolites in human milk, or the effects on the breastfed child or on milk production. Because of the potential for adverse reactions in breastfed children, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with XALKORI and for 45 days after the final dose.
8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential
Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating XALKORI [see Use in Specific Population (8.1)].
XALKORI can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with XALKORI and for at least 45 days after the final dose.
Because of the potential for genotoxicity, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use condoms during treatment with XALKORI and for at least 90 days after the final dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].
Based on reproductive organ findings in animals, XALKORI may cause reduced fertility in females and males of reproductive potential. It is not known whether these effects on fertility are reversible [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].
8.4 Pediatric Use
The safety and effectiveness of XALKORI have been established in pediatric patients 12 months of age and older with relapsed or refractory, systemic ALK-positive ALCL [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Studies (14.2)]. The safety and effectiveness have not been established in pediatric patients younger than 12 months of age with ALCL or in any pediatric patients with NSCLC.
In a study that evaluated XALKORI in combination with chemotherapy in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed ALCL (Study ANHL12P1; NCT01979536), 13 of 66 (20%) patients had a Grade 2 or higher thromboembolic event, including pulmonary embolism in 6%. The safety and effectiveness of XALKORI in combination with chemotherapy have not been established in patients with newly diagnosed ALCL.
Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data
Decreased bone formation in growing long bones was observed in immature rats at 150 mg/kg/day following once daily dosing for 28 days (approximately 5.4 times the recommended human dose based on AUC). Other toxicities of potential concern to pediatric patients have not been evaluated in juvenile animals.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Of the total number of patients with ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC in clinical studies of XALKORI (n=1669), 16% were 65 years or older and 3.8% were 75 years or older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients.
Clinical studies of XALKORI in patients with ROS1-positive metastatic NSCLC did not include sufficient numbers of patients age 65 years and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients.
8.6 Hepatic Impairment
Crizotinib concentrations increased in patients with pre-existing moderate (any AST and total bilirubin greater than 1.5 times ULN and less than or equal to 3 times ULN) or severe (any AST and total bilirubin greater than 3 times ULN) hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Reduce XALKORI dosage in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.6)]. No dose adjustment is recommended in patients with pre-existing mild hepatic impairment (AST > ULN and total bilirubin less than or equal to 1 times ULN or any AST and total bilirubin greater than 1 times ULN but less than or equal to1.5 times ULN).
8.7 Renal Impairment
Increased exposure to crizotinib occurred in patients with pre-existing severe renal impairment (CLcr less than 30 mL/min calculated using the modified Cockcroft-Gault equation for adult patients and the Schwartz equation for pediatric patients) not requiring dialysis, therefore reduce dosage of XALKORI in these patients [see Dosage and Administration (2.7), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dose adjustment is recommended in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment (CLcr 30 to 89 mL/min).