8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
All pregnancies have a risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of Trumenba in pregnant women. Available human data on Trumenba administered to pregnant women are insufficient to inform vaccine-associated risks in pregnancy.
Two developmental toxicity studies were performed in female rabbits administered Trumenba prior to mating and during gestation. The dose was 0.5 mL at each occasion (a single human dose is 0.5 mL). These studies revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus or offspring (until weaning) due to Trumenba [see Animal Data].
Two developmental toxicity studies were performed in female rabbits. Animals were administered Trumenba by intramuscular injection 17 days and 4 days prior to mating and on gestation Days 10 and 24. The dose was 0.5 mL at each occasion (a single human dose is 0.5 mL). No adverse effects on pre-weaning development up to post-natal day 21 were observed. There were no fetal malformations or variations observed due to the vaccine.
Available data are not sufficient to assess the effects of Trumenba on the breastfed infant or on milk production/excretion. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for Trumenba and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from Trumenba or from the underlying maternal condition. For preventive vaccines, the underlying maternal condition is susceptibility to disease prevented by the vaccine.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness have not been established in children <10 years of age. In a clinical study, 90% of infants <12 months of age who were vaccinated with a reduced dosage formulation had fever.