8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
All pregnancies have a risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the US general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of Prevnar 20 in pregnant women. Available data on Prevnar 20 administered to pregnant women are insufficient to inform vaccine-associated risks in pregnancy.
A developmental toxicity study was performed in female rabbits administered Prevnar 20 prior to mating and during gestation. The dose was 0.5 mL at each occasion (a single human dose is 0.5 mL). This study revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to Prevnar 20 (see Data).
In a developmental toxicity study, female rabbits were administered Prevnar 20 by intramuscular injection twice prior to mating (17 days and 4 days prior to mating) and twice during gestation (Gestation Days 10 and 24), 0.5 mL/rabbit/occasion (a single human dose). No adverse effects on pre-weaning development were observed. There were no vaccine-related fetal malformations or variations.
It is not known whether Prevnar 20 is excreted in human milk. Data are not available to assess the effects of Prevnar 20 on the breastfed infant or on milk production/excretion. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for Prevnar 20 and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from Prevnar 20 or from the underlying maternal condition. For preventive vaccines, the underlying maternal condition is susceptibility to disease prevented by the vaccine.
8.4 Pediatric Use
The safety and effectiveness of Prevnar 20 in individuals younger than 18 years of age have not been established.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Of the total number of Prevnar 20 recipients 18 years of age and older evaluated for safety in the 3 main clinical trials (N=4263), 26.7% (n=1138) were 65 years of age and older and 1.7% (n=72) were 80 years of age and older [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].
Prevnar 20 recipients 70 through 79 years of age and ≥80 years of age had lower OPA GMTs for all pneumococcal serotypes compared to Prevnar 20 recipients 18 through 49 years, 50 through 59, and 60 through 64 years of age [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].