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magnesium sulfate in 5% dextrose injection, USP Medication Guide


Magnesium Sulfate in 5% Dextrose Injection is typically administered to pregnancy women in emergent situations. When feasible, advise the patient and family of the following:

Fetal-Neonatal Toxicity Reported With Prolonged Use

Continuous administration of Magnesium Sulfate in 5% Dextrose Injection in pregnant women beyond 5 to 7 days can lead to hypocalcemia and bone abnormalities in the developing fetus, including skeletal demineralization and osteopenia. In addition, cases of neonatal fracture have been reported [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Risk of Magnesium Toxicity

Pregnant women receiving Magnesium Sulfate in 5% Dextrose Injection are at risk for magnesium toxicity, including facial edema, diminished strength of deep tendon reflexes, and respiratory depression [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

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