Medical Information
United States
 

In order to provide you with relevant and meaningful content we need to know more about you.

Please choose the category that best describes you.

Información selecta para pacientes y cuidadores que se encuentra disponible en Español.

This content is intended for U.S. Healthcare Professionals. Would you like to proceed?

If you provide additional keywords, you may be able to browse through our database of Scientific Response Documents.

Our scientific content is evidence-based, scientifically balanced and non-promotional. It undergoes rigorous internal medical review and is updated regularly to reflect new information.

LORBRENA®Warnings and Precautions (lorlatinib)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Risk of Serious Hepatotoxicity with Concomitant Use of Strong CYP3A Inducers

Severe hepatotoxicity occurred in 10 of 12 healthy subjects receiving a single dose of LORBRENA with multiple daily doses of rifampin, a strong CYP3A inducer. Grade 4 alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) elevations occurred in 50% of subjects, Grade 3 ALT or AST elevations occurred in 33% and Grade 2 ALT or AST elevations occurred in 8%. ALT or AST elevations occurred within 3 days and returned to within normal limits after a median of 15 days (7 to 34 days); the median time to recovery was 18 days in subjects with Grade 3 or 4 ALT or AST elevations and 7 days in subjects with Grade 2 ALT or AST elevations [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

LORBRENA is contraindicated in patients taking strong CYP3A inducers. Discontinue strong CYP3A inducers for 3 plasma half-lives of the strong CYP3A inducer prior to initiating LORBRENA [see Contraindications (4), Drug Interactions (7.1)].

5.2 Central Nervous System Effects

A broad spectrum of central nervous system (CNS) effects can occur in patients receiving LORBRENA. These include seizures, psychotic effects and changes in cognitive function, mood (including suicidal ideation), speech, mental status, and sleep. Overall, CNS effects occurred in 52% of the 476 patients who received 100 mg LORBRENA once daily in clinical trials [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Cognitive effects occurred in 28% of the 476 patients; 2.9% of these events were severe (Grade 3 or 4). Mood effects occurred in 21% of patients; 1.7% of these events were severe. Speech effects occurred in 11% of patients; 0.6% of these events were severe. Psychotic effects occurred in 7% of patients; 0.6% of these events were severe. Mental status changes occurred in 1.3% of patients; 1.1% of these events were severe. Seizures occurred in 1.9% of patients, sometimes in conjunction with other neurologic findings. Sleep effects occurred in 12% of patients. The median time to first onset of any CNS effect was 1.4 months (1 day to 3.4 years). Overall, 2.1% of patients required permanent discontinuation of LORBRENA for a CNS effect; 10% required temporary discontinuation and 8% required dose reduction.

Withhold and resume at the same dose or at a reduced dose or permanently discontinue LORBRENA based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.3 Hyperlipidemia

Increases in serum cholesterol and triglycerides can occur in patients receiving LORBRENA [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Grade 3 or 4 elevations in total cholesterol occurred in 18% and Grade 3 or 4 elevations in triglycerides occurred in 19% of the 476 patients who received 100 mg LORBRENA once daily. The median time to onset was 15 days for both hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Approximately 4% and 7% of patients required temporary discontinuation and 1% and 3% of patients required dose reduction of LORBRENA for elevations in cholesterol and in triglycerides in Study B7461001 and Study B7461006, respectively. Eighty-three percent of patients required initiation of lipid-lowering medications, with a median time to onset of start of such medications of 17 days.

Initiate or increase the dose of lipid-lowering agents in patients with hyperlipidemia. Monitor serum cholesterol and triglycerides before initiating LORBRENA, 1 and 2 months after initiating LORBRENA, and periodically thereafter. Withhold and resume at the same dose for the first occurrence; resume at the same or a reduced dose of LORBRENA for recurrence based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.4 Atrioventricular Block

PR interval prolongation and atrioventricular (AV) block can occur in patients receiving LORBRENA [see Adverse Reactions (6.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. In 476 patients who received 100 mg LORBRENA once daily and who had a baseline electrocardiography (ECG), 1.9% experienced AV block and 0.2% experienced Grade 3 AV block and underwent pacemaker placement.

Monitor ECG prior to initiating LORBRENA and periodically thereafter. Withhold and resume at a reduced dose or at the same dose in patients who undergo pacemaker placement. Permanently discontinue for recurrence in patients without a pacemaker [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.5 Interstitial Lung Disease/Pneumonitis

Severe or life-threatening pulmonary adverse reactions consistent with interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis can occur with LORBRENA. ILD/pneumonitis occurred in 1.9% of patients who received 100 mg LORBRENA once daily, including Grade 3 or 4 ILD/pneumonitis in 0.6% of patients. Four patients (0.8%) discontinued LORBRENA for ILD/pneumonitis.

Promptly investigate for ILD/pneumonitis in any patient who presents with worsening of respiratory symptoms indicative of ILD/pneumonitis (e.g., dyspnea, cough, and fever). Immediately withhold LORBRENA in patients with suspected ILD/pneumonitis. Permanently discontinue LORBRENA for treatment-related ILD/pneumonitis of any severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.6 Hypertension

Hypertension can occur in patients receiving LORBRENA [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Hypertension occurred in 13% of patients who received 100 mg LORBRENA once daily, including Grade 3 or 4 in 6% of patients. The median time to onset of hypertension was 6.4 months (1 day to 2.8 years), and 2.3% of patients temporarily discontinued LORBRENA for hypertension.

Control blood pressure prior to initiation of LORBRENA. Monitor blood pressure after 2 weeks and at least monthly thereafter during treatment with LORBRENA. Withhold and resume at a reduced dose or permanently discontinue LORBRENA based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.7 Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia can occur in patients receiving LORBRENA [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Hyperglycemia occurred in 9% of patients who received 100 mg LORBRENA, including Grade 3 or 4 in 3.2% of patients. The median time to onset of hyperglycemia was 4.8 months (1 day to 2.9 years), and 0.8% of patients temporarily discontinued LORBRENA for hyperglycemia.

Assess fasting serum glucose prior to initiation of LORBRENA and monitor periodically thereafter. Withhold and resume at a reduced dose or permanently discontinue LORBRENA based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

5.8 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, LORBRENA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Administration of lorlatinib to pregnant rats and rabbits by oral gavage during the period of organogenesis resulted in malformations, increased post-implantation loss, and abortion at maternal exposures that were equal to or less than the human exposure at the recommended dose of 100 mg once daily based on area under the curve (AUC).

Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use an effective non-hormonal method of contraception, since LORBRENA can render hormonal contraceptives ineffective, during treatment with LORBRENA and for at least 6 months after the final dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with LORBRENA and for 3 months after the final dose [see Drug Interactions (7.2), Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Did you find an answer to your question? Yes No
Didn’t find what you were looking for? Contact us.
Report Adverse Event