8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Pregnancy Exposure Registry
If a patient becomes pregnant while receiving LITFULO, healthcare providers should report LITFULO exposure by calling 1-877-390-2940.
Available data from clinical trials with LITFULO use in pregnant women are insufficient to identify a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage or other adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of ritlecitinib to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis caused fetotoxicity and fetal malformations at exposures 49 and 55 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) based on area under the curve (AUC) comparison, respectively (see Animal Data).
The background risks of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population are unknown. All pregnancies carry some risk of birth defects, loss, or other adverse outcomes. The estimated background risks in the U.S. general population of major birth defects and miscarriages are 2-4% and 15-20% of clinically recognized pregnancies, respectively.
In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rats, oral administration of ritlecitinib from gestation days 6 to 17 decreased fetal body weights and caused fetal skeletal malformations (malformed vertebrae and ribs) and variations (delayed ossification) at doses ≥175 mg/kg/day (49 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison). Maternal toxicity (lower body weights) was noted at 325 mg/kg/day (102 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison). There was no developmental toxicity at 75 mg/kg/day (16 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison).
In an embryo-fetal development study in pregnant rabbits, oral administration of ritlecitinib from gestation days 7 to 19 decreased mean fetal body weights and increased visceral malformations (malpositioned kidneys), skeletal malformations (supernumerary sternebrae, absent thoracic arch, and/or fused thoracic centra), and skeletal variations (delayed ossification) at 75 mg/kg/day (55 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison). There was no developmental toxicity at doses up to 25 mg/kg/day (12 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison).
In a pre- and postnatal development study in rats, oral administration of ritlecitinib from gestation day 6 through lactation day 20 had no effects on pre- and postnatal development at doses up to 75 mg/kg/day (14 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison). At 175 mg/kg/day (41 times the MRHD based on AUC comparison), ritlecitinib caused adverse lower postnatal survival and lower offspring body weights, which correlated with delayed sexual maturation in both sexes. Bred females in the F1 generation also exhibited lower mean numbers of corpora lutea at 175 mg/kg/day.
There are no data on the presence of ritlecitinib in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Ritlecitinib is present in the milk of lactating rats (see Data). When a drug is present in animal milk, it is likely that it will be present in human milk. Because of the serious adverse effects in adults, including risks of serious infection and malignancy, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with LITFULO and for approximately 14 hours after the last dose (approximately 6 elimination half-lives).
8.4 Pediatric Use
The safety and effectiveness of LITFULO for the treatment of alopecia areata have been established in pediatric patients ages 12 years and older. A total of 181 pediatric patients ages 12 to <18 years were enrolled in alopecia areata clinical trials, with 105 pediatric patients ages 12 to <18 years with alopecia areata randomized in a pivotal, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (Trial AA-I). Efficacy was consistent between the pediatric patients and adults [see Clinical Studies (14)]. The adverse reaction profile in the pediatric patients was similar to adults.
The safety and efficacy of LITFULO have not been established in pediatric patients under 12 years of age.
8.5 Geriatric Use
No dose adjustment is required for patients ≥65 years of age.
A total of 28 patients enrolled in alopecia areata trials were 65 years of age and older, and none were 75 years of age and older. Clinical trials of LITFULO did not include sufficient numbers of patients 65 years of age and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger adult patients.
As there is a higher incidence of infections in the elderly population in general, caution should be used when treating the elderly.