DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Dosage should be individualized for maximum beneficial effect. The usual recommended dose in older children and adults ranges from 2 mg to 20 mg intramuscular or intravenous, depending on the indication and its severity. In some conditions, e.g., tetanus, larger doses may be required. (See dosage for specific indications.) In acute conditions the injection may be repeated within one hour although an interval of 3 to 4 hours is usually satisfactory. Lower doses (usually 2 mg to 5 mg) and slow increase in dosage should be used for elderly or debilitated patients and when other sedative drugs are administered (see WARNINGS and ADVERSE REACTIONS).
For dosage in infants above the age of 30 days and children, see the specific indications below. When intravenous use is indicated, facilities for respiratory assistance should be readily available.
For the treatment of status epilepticus in children, the solution should be injected slowly, taking one minute for administration (See WARNINGS, particularly for use in children). For other indications, the solution should be injected slowly taking at least one minute for each 5 mg (1 mL) given. Do not use small veins, such as those on the dorsum of the hand or wrist. Extreme care should be taken to avoid intra-arterial administration or extravasation.
Do not mix or dilute diazepam with other solutions or drugs in syringe or infusion container. If it is not feasible to administer diazepam directly intravenous, it may be injected slowly through the infusion tubing as close as possible to the vein insertion.
|INDICATION||USUAL ADULT DOSAGE||DOSAGE RANGE IN CHILDREN|
(Intravenous administration should be made slowly)
Moderate Anxiety Disorders and Symptoms of Anxiety
2 mg to 5 mg, intramuscular or intravenous. Repeat in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary.
Severe Anxiety Disorders and Symptoms of Anxiety
5 mg to 10 mg, intramuscular or intravenous. Repeat in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary.
Acute Alcohol Withdrawal:
10 mg, intramuscular or intravenous initially, then 5 mg to 10 mg in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary.
Titrate intravenous dosage to desired sedative response, such as slurring of speech, with slow administration immediately prior to the procedure. Generally 10 mg or less is adequate, but up to 20 mg intravenous may be given, particularly when concomitant narcotics are omitted. If intravenous cannot be used, 5 mg to10 mg intramuscular approximately 30 minutes prior to the procedure.
5 mg to 10 mg, intramuscular or intravenous initially, then 5 mg to 10 mg in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary. For tetanus, larger doses may be required.
For tetanus in infants over 30 days of age, 1 mg to 2 mg intramuscular or intravenous, slowly, repeated every 3 to 4 hours as necessary. In children 5 years or older, 5 mg to 10 mg repeated every 3 to 4 hours may be required to control tetanus spasms. Respiratory assistance should be available.
5 mg to 10 mg initially (intravenous preferred). This injection may be repeated if necessary at 10 to 15 minute intervals up to a maximum dose of 30 mg. If necessary, therapy with diazepam may be repeated in 2 to 4 hours; however, residual active metabolites may persist, and re-administration should be made with this consideration. Extreme caution must be exercised with individuals with chronic lung disease or unstable cardiovascular status.
Children 3 months up to 17 years of age with status epilepticus:
First dose: 0.2 mg/kg (maximum 8 mg) by slow intravenous push (one minute in duration).
Second dose (if necessary; 5 minutes after the first dose): 0.1 mg/kg (maximum 4 mg) by slow intravenous push (one minute in duration). EEG monitoring of the seizure may be helpful.
10 mg, intramuscular (preferred route), before surgery.
5 mg to 15 mg, intravenous, within 5 to 10 minutes prior to the procedure.
Once the acute symptomatology has been properly controlled with diazepam injection, the patient may be placed on oral therapy with diazepam if further treatment is required.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
NOTE: Solution may appear colorless to light yellow.