8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Based on its mechanism of action and findings in animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, DAURISMO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no clinical data on the use of DAURISMO in pregnant women to inform of a drug-associated risk of major birth defects and miscarriage. DAURISMO is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Conduct pregnancy testing in female patients of reproductive potential prior to initiating treatment with DAURISMO. Report pregnancy exposures to Pfizer at 1-800-438-1985.
In animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, repeat-dose oral administration of DAURISMO during organogenesis at maternal exposures that were less than the human exposure at the recommended dose resulted in embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity and teratogenicity in rats and rabbits (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.
The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population are unknown. Adverse outcomes in pregnancy occur regardless of the health of the mother or the use of medications. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.
In embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, glasdegib was orally administered to pregnant rats and rabbits at doses up to 100 mg/kg/day during the period of organogenesis. Glasdegib resulted in embryo-fetal lethality (e.g., increased postimplantation loss and decreased numbers of live fetuses) in rats and rabbits at 50 mg/kg/day and 5 mg/kg/day, respectively, at maternal exposures approximately 4-times and 3-times the human exposure at the recommended dose [based on Cmax (rat) and AUC (rabbit)]. Doses of ≥ 10 mg/kg in rat [approximately 0.6-times the human exposure (Cmax) at the recommended dose] and ≥ 5 mg/kg in rabbit resulted in fetal developmental abnormalities and malformations consisting of craniofacial malformations, malformed limbs, paws/digits, trunk and tail, dilation of brain, malpositioned/malformed eyes, misshapen head, small tongue, absent palate, teeth and viscera, diaphragmatic hernia, edema, heart defects, rib and vertebral abnormalities, malformed or absent structures in the appendicular skeleton.
There are no data on the presence of glasdegib or its active metabolites in human milk, the effects of the drug on the breastfed child, or its effect on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in a breastfed child from DAURISMO, advise women who are taking DAURISMO not to breastfeed or provide breast milk to infants or children during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose.
8.3 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential
DAURISMO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Conduct pregnancy testing in females of reproductive potential within 7 days prior to initiating therapy with DAURISMO.
Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with DAURISMO and at least 30 days after the last dose.
It is not known if glasdegib is present in semen. Advise males of the potential risk of exposure through semen and to use effective contraception, including a condom, even after a vasectomy, to avoid drug exposure to a pregnant partner or a female partner of reproductive potential during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose. Advise males to not donate semen during treatment with DAURISMO for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].
Based on findings in repeat-dose animal toxicity studies in rats, DAURISMO may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential. Some effects on male reproductive organs did not recover [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. Men should seek advice on effective fertility preservation before treatment.
8.4 Pediatric Use
The safety and effectiveness of DAURISMO have not been established in pediatric patients. In repeat-dose toxicity studies in rats, oral administration of DAURISMO resulted in adverse changes in growing bone, teeth, and testis. Effects on bone consisted of partial to complete closure of the epiphyseal plate. Effects in growing incisor teeth included degeneration/necrosis of ameloblasts, and complete tooth loss with oral ulceration. Reproductive tissue toxicity was evidenced by testicular degeneration and hypospermatogenesis. These effects in bone, teeth and testis were observed after administration of DAURISMO for 26 weeks at greater than or equal to 50 mg/kg/day corresponding to approximately 6.6-times the steady state AUC in patients at the recommended human dose.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Of the total number of subjects in clinical studies of DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine (N=88), 98% of the patients were age 65 years or older and 60% of the patients were age 75 years or older. There were insufficient patients younger than age 65 years to determine differences in adverse reactions reported from patients older than 65.