5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Fenoldopam causes a dose-related tachycardia, particularly with infusion rates above 0.1 mcg/kg/min in adults and >0.8 mcg/kg/min in pediatric patients. Tachycardia in adults may diminish with continued therapy at doses of fenoldopam of <0.1 mcg/kg/min.
Hypokalemia has been observed after less than 6 hours of fenoldopam infusion. Hypokalemia reflects a pressure natriuresis with enhanced potassium-sodium exchange or a direct drug effect. Monitor serum potassium levels.
5.3 Increased Intraocular Pressure
In a clinical study of 12 patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension (mean baseline intraocular pressure was 29.2 mm Hg with a range of 22 to 33 mm Hg), infusion of fenoldopam at escalating doses ranging from 0.05 to 0.5 mcg/kg/min over a 3.5 hour period caused a dose-dependent increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). At the peak effect, the intraocular pressure was raised by a mean of 6.5 mm Hg (range -2 to +8.5 mm Hg, corrected for placebo effect). Upon discontinuation of the fenoldopam infusion, the IOP returned to baseline values within 2 hours.
5.4 Allergic Reactions Associated with Sulfite
Contains sodium metabisulfite, a sulfite that may cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms and life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptible people. The overall prevalence of sulfite sensitivity in the general population is unknown and probably low. Sulfite sensitivity is seen more frequently in asthmatic than in non-asthmatic people.