8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
There are insufficient data regarding CORLOPAM use in pregnancy to evaluate for a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes.
In animal studies, there was no evidence of teratogenicity or fetotoxicity when fenoldopam was orally administered to rats and rabbits during organogenesis (see Data). There are adverse effects on maternal and fetal outcomes associated with severe hypertension (see Clinical Considerations).
The estimated background risk for major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in the clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.
Oral reproduction studies have been performed in rats and rabbits at doses of 12.5 to 200 mg/kg/day and 6.25 to 25 mg/kg/day, respectively, administered during the period of organogenesis. Studies have revealed maternal toxicity at the highest doses tested but no evidence of harm to the fetus due to fenoldopam.
There are no data on the presence of fenoldopam in human milk, the effects on the breastfed child, or the effects on milk production. Fenoldopam is present in rat milk. When a drug is present in animal milk, it is likely that the drug will be present in human milk.
Because of the potential for severe adverse reactions in the breastfed infant, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with CORLOPAM.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness of fenoldopam have been established in the age groups age < 1 month (at least 2 kg or full term) to 12 years old requiring blood pressure reduction [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. The adverse event profile in pediatric patients is similar to that seen in adults.
The pharmacokinetics of fenoldopam are independent of age when corrected for body weight.
The long-term effects of fenoldopam on growth and development have not been studied.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Clinical studies of fenoldopam did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should start at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.