CEREBYX® (fosphenytoin sodium injection) is a prodrug intended for parenteral administration; its active metabolite is phenytoin. 1.5 mg of fosphenytoin sodium is equivalent to 1 mg phenytoin sodium, and is referred to as 1 mg phenytoin sodium equivalents (PE). The amount and concentration of fosphenytoin is always expressed in terms of mg PE.
The pharmacological class of the fosphenytoin sodium is hydantoin derivative, and the therapeutic class is anticonvulsant.
CEREBYX is marketed in 2 mL vials containing a total of 100 mg PE/2 mL (50 mg PE/mL) and 10 mL vials containing a total of 500 mg PE/10 mL (50 mg PE/mL), for intravenous or intramuscular administration. The concentration of each vial is 50 mg PE/mL. CEREBYX is supplied in vials as a sterile solution in Water for Injection, USP, and Tromethamine, USP (TRIS) (12.11 mg/mL), buffer adjusted to pH 8.6 to 9.0 with either Hydrochloric Acid, NF, or Sodium Hydroxide, NF. CEREBYX is a clear, colorless to pale yellow, sterile solution.
The chemical name of fosphenytoin is 5,5-diphenyl-3-[(phosphonooxy)methyl]-2,4-imidazolidinedione disodium salt. The molecular structure of fosphenytoin is:
The molecular weight of fosphenytoin is 406.24.