DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
10% Calcium Chloride Injection, USP is administered only by slow intravenous injection (not to exceed 1 mL/min) and/or in cardiac resuscitation, by injection into the ventricular cavity. It must not be injected into the myocardium.
The usual precautions for intravenous therapy should be observed. If time permits, the solution should be warmed to body temperature. The injection should be halted if the patient complains of any discomfort; it may be resumed when symptoms disappear. Following injection, the patient should remain recumbent for a short time.
The usual adult dosage in hypocalcemic disorders ranges from 500 mg to 1 g (5 to 10 mL) at intervals of 1 to 3 days, depending on the response of the patient and/or results of serum calcium determinations. Repeated injections may be required because of rapid excretion of calcium.
In magnesium intoxication, an initial adult dose of 500 mg (5 mL) should be administered promptly and the patient observed for signs of recovery before further doses are given.
In hyperkalemic ECG disturbances of cardiac function, the dosage of calcium chloride injection should be titrated by constant monitoring of ECG changes during administration.
In cardiac resuscitation, the usual adult dosage ranges from 500 mg to 1 g (5 to 10 mL) intravenously, or from 200 to 800 mg (2 to 8 mL) when injected into the ventricular cavity.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. See PRECAUTIONS.
To prevent needle-stick injuries, needles should not be recapped, purposely bent or broken by hand.