2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
2.1 Recommended Dosage
Bivalirudin has been studied only in patients receiving concomitant aspirin.
The recommended dose of bivalirudin is an intravenous bolus dose of 0.75 mg/kg, followed immediately by an infusion of 1.75 mg/kg/h for the duration of the procedure. Five minutes after the bolus dose has been administered, an activated clotting time (ACT) should be performed and an additional bolus of 0.3 mg/kg should be given if needed.
Extended duration of infusion following PCI at 1.75 mg/kg/h for up to 4 hours post-procedure should be considered in patients with ST segment elevation MI (STEMI).
2.2 Dose Adjustment in Renal Impairment
In patients with creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min (by Cockcroft Gault equation), reduce the infusion rate to 1 mg/kg/h. Monitor anticoagulant status in patients with renal impairment.
2.3 Instructions for Preparation and Administration
Bivalirudin is intended for intravenous bolus injection and continuous infusion after reconstitution and dilution.
Preparation Instructions for Bolus Injection and Continuous Infusion
- To each 250 mg vial, add 5 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP.
- Gently swirl until all material is dissolved.
- Withdraw and discard 5 mL from a 50 mL infusion bag containing 5% Dextrose in Water or 0.9% Sodium Chloride for Injection.
- Add the contents of the reconstituted vial to the infusion bag containing 5% Dextrose in Water or 0.9% Sodium Chloride for Injection to yield a final concentration of 5 mg/mL (e.g., 1 vial in 50 mL; 2 vials in 100 mL; 5 vials in 250 mL).
- Adjust the dose to be administered according to the patient's weight (see Table 1).
|Using 5 mg/mL|
|43 to 47||7||16|
|48 to 52||7.5||17.5|
|53 to 57||8||19|
|58 to 62||9||21|
|63 to 67||10||23|
|68 to 72||10.5||24.5|
|73 to 77||11||26|
|78 to 82||12||28|
|83 to 87||13||30|
|88 to 92||13.5||31.5|
|93 to 97||14||33|
|98 to 102||15||35|
|103 to 107||16||37|
|108 to 112||16.5||38.5|
|113 to 117||17||40|
|118 to 122||18||42|
|123 to 127||19||44|
|128 to 132||19.5||45.5|
|133 to 137||20||47|
|138 to 142||21||49|
|143 to 147||22||51|
|148 to 152||22.5||52.5|
No incompatibilities have been observed with administration sets.
Do not administer the drugs listed in Table 2 in the same intravenous line with bivalirudin.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Preparations of bivalirudin containing particulate matter should not be used. Reconstituted material will be a clear to slightly opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow solution.
2.4 Storage after Reconstitution
Do not freeze reconstituted or diluted bivalirudin. Reconstituted material may be stored at 2 to 8°C for up to 24 hours. Diluted bivalirudin with a concentration of between 0.5 mg/mL and 5 mg/mL is stable at room temperature for up to 24 hours. Discard any unused portion of reconstituted solution remaining in the vial.