5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
5.1 Bleeding Events
Bivalirudin increases the risk of bleeding [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. An unexplained fall in blood pressure or hematocrit should lead to serious consideration of a hemorrhagic event and cessation of bivalirudin administration. Monitor patients receiving bivalirudin for signs and symptoms of bleeding. Monitor patients with disease states associated with an increased risk of bleeding more frequently for bleeding.
5.2 Acute Stent Thrombosis in Patients with STEMI Undergoing PCI
Acute stent thrombosis (AST) (<4 hours) has been observed at a greater frequency in bivalirudin treated patients (1.2%, 36/2,889) compared to heparin treated patients (0.2%, 6/2,911) with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. Among patients who experienced an AST, one fatality (0.03%) occurred in a bivalirudin treated patient and one fatality (0.03%) in a heparin treated patient. These patients have been managed by Target Vessel Revascularization (TVR). Patients should remain for at least 24 hours in a facility capable of managing ischemic complications and should be carefully monitored following primary PCI for signs and symptoms consistent with myocardial ischemia.
5.3 Thrombotic Risk with Coronary Artery Brachytherapy
An increased risk of thrombus formation, including fatal outcomes, has been associated with the use of bivalirudin in gamma brachytherapy.
If a decision is made to use bivalirudin during brachytherapy procedures, maintain meticulous catheter technique, with frequent aspiration and flushing, paying special attention to minimizing conditions of stasis within the catheter or vessels [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].