Acetylcysteine solution is for inhalation (mucolytic agent) or oral administration (acetaminophen antidote), and available as sterile, unpreserved solutions (not for injection).
Acetylcysteine is the N-acetyl derivative of the naturally occurring amino acid, L-cysteine. Chemically, it is N-acetyl-L-cysteine.
The compound is a white crystalline powder which melts at 104°−110°C and has a very slight odor. The structural formula for acetylcysteine is as follows:
Molecular weight: 163.19
Each mL of the 10% solution contains acetylcysteine 100 mg; edetate disodium, dihydrate 0.25 mg.
Each mL of the 20% solution contains acetylcysteine 200 mg; edetate disodium, dihydrate 0.5 mg.
The solutions also contain sodium hydroxide and may contain hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment, pH 7.0 (6.0 to 7.5). Acetylcysteine Solution, USP is oxygen sensitive.
Acetylcysteine As A Mucolytic Agent